ExpressionJSON (.json)

Background

    MIME type: application/json.
    Data interchange format.
    ExpressionJSON provides a JSON representation of Wolfram Language expressions.
    JSON is commonly used in web programming.
    JSON is an acronym derived from JavaScript Object Notation.
    JSON is based on a subset of the JavaScript programming language.
    Plain text format.
    JSON was developed in 2001.
    JSON is published as RFC 4627.

Import and Export

  • Import["file","ExpressionJSON"] imports a file that uses the ExpressionJSON format, producing an ordinary Wolfram Language expression.
  • Export["file",expr,"ExpressionJSON"] exports an arbitrary expression to ExpressionJSON.
  • Elements of expressions are represented as follows in ExpressionJSON:
  • "string""'string'" (UTF-8, with JSON escaping)
    True, Falsetrue, false
    Nullnull
    symbol"symbol" (UTF-8)
    f[e1,e2,,opt1val1,]["f",e1,e2,,["Rule",opt1,val1],]
  • Machine integers are represented literally. Larger integers are represented as "digits".
  • Machine-precision numbers are represented as JSON numbers using e notation.
  • Arbitrary-precision numbers are by default given as "number", where number is the InputForm representation of the number.

Elements

  • General Import elements:
  • "Elements" list of elements and options available in this file
    "Rules"full list of rules for each element and option
    "Options"list of rules for options, properties, and settings

Options

  • Export options:
  • "Compact"Falsewhether to omit line breaks and tabs
    "NullSymbols"{}a list of symbols to represent as JSON null
    "PrecisionHandling"Truewhether to allow bignums or issue a message
  • "Compact"->n includes line breaks and tabs up to indent level n.

Examples

Basic Examples  (5)

Import a JSON list:

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Import a String:

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Import a Quantity:

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Export an expression to a JSON string:

In[1]:=
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In[2]:=
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Export a list while converting None to JSON null:

In[1]:=
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Export a list of numbers of arbitrary precision:

In[1]:=
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Export a list of numbers and issue an error if any of them is not a machine-precision number:

In[2]:=
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Control the output format with "Compact" to limit indentation:

In[1]:=
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Out[1]=

See Also

"RawJSON"  "JSON"  "UBJSON"  "XML"  "ExpressionML"

Introduced in 2016
(10.4)