Wolfram Language & System 10.0 (2014)|Legacy Documentation
With careful attention to branch cuts, the Wolfram Language supports trigonometric functions everywhere in the complex plane, with extensive exact and algebraic transformations, together with efficient arbitrary-precision numerical evaluation. The Wolfram Language follows the standard mathematical convention of using radians for trigonometric function arguments.
FullSimplify — simplify trigonometric expressions
FunctionExpand — reduce to algebraic forms or simpler arguments
TrigExpand — etc.
TrigReduce — etc.
ComplexExpand — expand into real and imaginary parts