Wolfram Language & System 10.0 (2014)|Legacy Documentation

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is an option for Graphics3D and related functions which gives the point in space from which threedimensional objects are to be viewed.


  • ViewPoint->{x,y,z} gives the position of the view point relative to the center of the threedimensional box that contains the objects.
  • The view point is given in a special scaled coordinate system in which the longest side of the bounding box has length 1. The center of the bounding box is taken to have coordinates .
  • Common settings for ViewPoint are:
  • {1.3,-2.4,2}default setting
    {0,-2,0}directly in front
    {0,-2,2}in front and up
    {0,-2,-2}in front and down
    {-2,-2,0}lefthand corner
    {2,-2,0}righthand corner
    {0,0,2}directly above
  • The following symbolic forms can also be used: »
  • Aboveabove, along the positive z direction
    Belowbelow, along the negative z direction
    Frontin front, along the negative y direction
    Backat back, along the positive y direction
    Leftleft, along the negative x direction
    Rightright, along the positive x direction
    {Left,Top}, etc.corners
  • Choosing a ViewPoint farther away from the object reduces the distortion associated with perspective.
  • Infinite coordinates can be used to specify orthographic views: »
  • {0,0,Infinity}view from above (plan view)
    {0,0,-Infinity}view from below
    {0,-Infinity,0}view from the front (front elevation)
    {0,Infinity,0}view from the back
    {-Infinity,0,0}view from the left
    {Infinity,0,0}view from the right
  • The coordinates of the corners of the bounding box in the special coordinate system used for ViewPoint are determined by the setting for the BoxRatios option.
  • In a notebook front end, dragging with the mouse rotates a 3D object, by changing the azimuthal components of ViewPoint, as well as the setting for ViewVertical.
  • Dragging with the mouse while pressing Ctrl, Alt, or Option zooms in or out, changing the value of ViewAngle, but keeping ViewPoint fixed.
  • Explicit settings for ViewVector or ViewMatrix override settings for ViewPoint.
Introduced in 1988
| Updated in 2008