DBF (.dbf)

  • Import fully supports the DBF format Version 4 and later.
  • Background

      MIME types: application/dbf, application/dbase
      dBASE DBF data files.
      Legacy file format for storing and exchanging structured data.
      ASCII format.
      Native format of the dBASE database management application.
      Stores numerical datasets in a portable format.
      dBASE IV was introduced in 1988.

    Import and Export

    • Import["file.dbf"] imports a DBF file, returning all datasets arranged as a table.
    • Import["file.dbf"] returns a table, with each column representing a dataset.
    • DBF data is represented in the Wolfram Language by real or integer numbers, strings, Boolean values True and False, and DateList specifications.
    • Import["file.dbf",elem] imports the specified element from a DBF file.
    • Import["file.dbf",{elem,suba,subb,}] imports a subelement.
    • Import["file.dbf",{{elem1,elem2,}}] imports multiple elements.
    • The import format can be specified with Import["file","DBF"] or Import["file",{"DBF",elem,}].
    • See the reference pages for full general information on Import.
    • ImportString supports the DBF format.


    • General Import elements:
    • "Elements"list of elements and options available in this file
      "Rules"full list of rules for each element and option
      "Options"list of rules for options, properties, and settings
    • Data representation elements:
    • "Data"datasets arranged as a table
      "LabeledData"datasets given as a list of rules
    • Import uses the "Data" element by default.
    • Import["file.dbf"] reads all datasets and returns them as a table.
    • Import["file.dbf","LabeledData"] imports the entire file and returns an expression of the form {a1->col1,a2->col2,}, where the ai are the table headings.
    • Meta-information elements:
    • "Labels"dataset names given as a list of strings
    • The DBF format can store labels of length 10 or shorter.


    • Import option:
    • "EmptyField"""how empty cells are represented in the Wolfram Language


    Basic Examples  (1)

    Get the list of available Import formats:

    Click for copyable input

    Import data from a DBF file:

    Click for copyable input

    Import the column labels as a list of strings:

    Click for copyable input

    Read this file as a list of labeled datasets, giving a rule for each column:

    Click for copyable input
    Introduced in 2007