XLS (.xls)

  • Import supports XLS files created by Excel 95, 97, 2000, XP, and 2003.
  • Export creates files compatible with the Excel 2000 standard.
  • Background

      Registered MIME type: application/vnd.ms-excel
      Microsoft Excel spreadsheet file.
      XLS is an acronym derived from Excel Spreadsheet.
      Stores spreadsheet data and formulas.

    Import and Export

    • Import["file.xls"] imports all sheets of an XLS file, returning the result as a list of arrays.
    • Export["file.xls",expr] exports an array or a list of arrays to XLS.
    • Import and Export also handle embedded images.
    • Import["file.xls"] returns the sheets of an XLS file as an expression of the form {s1, s2,}, where the si are full arrays containing numerical and textual data, Boolean values, and date specifications.
    • Export["file.xls",expr] creates an XLS file from array data.
    • The following expression types are supported by Export: Column, Grid, List, MatrixForm, Row, SparseArray, and TableForm.
    • Import["file.xls",elem] imports the specified element from an XLS file.
    • Import["file.xls",{elem,suba,subb,}] imports a subelement.
    • Import["file.xls",{{elem1,elem2,}}] imports multiple elements.
    • The import format can be specified with Import["file","XLS"] or Import["file",{"XLS",elem,}].
    • Export["file.xls",expr, elem] creates an XLS file by treating expr as specifying element elem.
    • Export["file.xls",{expr1,expr2,},{{elem1,elem2,}}] treats each expri as specifying the corresponding elemi.
    • Export["file.xls",expr,opt1->val1,] exports expr with the specified option elements taken to have the specified values.
    • Export["file.xls",{elem1->expr1,elem2->expr2,},"Rules"] uses rules to specify the elements to be exported.
    • See the reference pages for full general information on Import and Export.
    • ImportString and ExportString support the XLS format.


    • General Import elements:
    • "Elements"list of elements and options available in this file
      "Rules"full list of rules for each element and option
      "Options"list of rules for options, properties, and settings
    • Data representation elements:
    • "Data"list of full arrays, representing all sheets
      "Formulas"all XLS formulas as text
      "Images"embedded images as a list
    • Advanced data elements:
    • "FormattedData"data with some styling elements applied
    • See the reference page for "XLSX" for full documentation.


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    Basic Examples  (2)

    Import the first sheet of an Excel file:

    Click for copyable input

    Export a table to XLS:

    Click for copyable input

    Scope  (4)

    See Also

    "XLSX"  "MDB"  "CSV"  "TSV"

    Introduced in 2004
    | Updated in 2010