# Wolfram Language & System 11.0 (2016)|Legacy Documentation

This is documentation for an earlier version of the Wolfram Language.
BUILT-IN WOLFRAM LANGUAGE SYMBOL

# FindArgMin

FindArgMin[f,x]
gives the position xmin of a local minimum of f.

FindArgMin[f,{x,x0}]
gives the position xmin of a local minimum of f, found by a search starting from the point x=x0.

FindArgMin[f,{{x,x0},{y,y0},}]
gives the position {xmin,ymin,} of a local minimum of a function of several variables.

FindArgMin[{f,cons},{{x,x0},{y,y0},}]
gives the position of a local minimum subject to the constraints cons.

FindArgMin[{f,cons},{x,y,}]
starts from a point within the region defined by the constraints.

## Details and OptionsDetails and Options

• FindArgMin[,{x,y,}] is effectively equivalent to {x,y,}/.Last[FindMinimum[,{x,y,},].
• If the starting point for a variable is given as a list, the values of the variable are taken to be lists with the same dimensions.
• cons can contain equations, inequalities or logical combinations of these.
• The constraints cons can be any logical combination of:
•  lhs==rhs equations lhs>rhs or lhs>=rhs inequalities {x,y,…}∈reg region specification
• FindArgMin first localizes the values of all variables, then evaluates f with the variables being symbolic, and then repeatedly evaluates the result numerically.
• FindArgMin has attribute HoldAll, and effectively uses Block to localize variables.
• FindArgMin[f,{x,x0,x1}] searches for a local minimum in f using x0 and x1 as the first two values of x, avoiding the use of derivatives.
• FindArgMin[f,{x,x0,xmin,xmax}] searches for a local minimum, stopping the search if x ever gets outside the range xmin to xmax.
• Except when f and cons are both linear, the results found by FindArgMin may correspond only to local, but not global, minima.
• By default, all variables are assumed to be real.
• For linear f and cons, xIntegers can be used to specify that a variable can take on only integer values.
• FindArgMin takes the same options as FindMinimum.

## ExamplesExamplesopen allclose all

### Basic Examples  (4)Basic Examples  (4)

Find a point {x} at which the univariate function 2x^2+3x-5 has a minimum:

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Find a point {x,y} at which the function Sin[x]Sin[2y] has a minimum:

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Find a point at which a function is a minimum subject to constraints:

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Find a minimizer point in a geometric region:

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Plot it:

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