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Mathematical Notation

Mathematica notebooks fully support standard mathematical notation for both output and input.

Mathematica combines the compactness of mathematical notation with the precision of a computer language.

Here is an integral input using only ordinary keyboard characters.


Here is the same integral entered in two-dimensional form with special characters. You can enter this form using a palette or directly from the keyboard.


This shows the keys you need to type to get the input above. stands for the key.

Mathematica always lets you edit output-and use it again as input.

Mathematica can generate output in traditional textbook form. Note that Mathematica's StandardForm is precise and unambiguous whereas TraditionalForm requires heuristics for interpretation.


This asks Mathematica to compute the integral, then display the result in TraditionalForm.


Mathematica produces top-quality output for formulas of any size or complexity.


Look at the Formula Gallery for other examples of mathematical formulas generated by Mathematica.


Mathematica makes it easy to work with abstract notation.


Mathematica supports over 700 special characters with new fonts optimized for both screen and printer. You can find all these characters in the Complete Characters palette. All of them have consistent full names; some also have aliases, as well as TeX and SGML names.