This is documentation for Mathematica 4, which was
based on an earlier version of the Wolfram Language.
Wolfram Research, Inc.

Introduction

This section gives a list of all characters that are assigned full names in Mathematica Version 4. The list is ordered alphabetically by full name.

The standard Mathematica fonts support all of the characters in the list.

There are a total of 775 characters in the list.

aaa stands for aaa.

Interpretation of Characters

The interpretations given here are those used in StandardForm and InputForm. Most of the interpretations also work in TraditionalForm.

You can override the interpretations by giving your own rules for MakeExpression.

Types of characters.

The precedences of operators are given in Section A.2.7.

Infix operators for which no grouping is specified in the listing are interpreted so that for example x y z becomes CirclePlus[x, y, z].

Naming Conventions

Characters that correspond to built-in Mathematica functions typically have names corresponding to those functions. Other characters typically have names that are as generic as possible.

Characters with different names almost always look at least slightly different.

Some special classes of characters.

Typical ordering of elements in character names.

Aliases

Mathematica supports both its own system of aliases, as well as aliases based on character names in TeX and SGML or HTML. Except where they conflict, character names corresponding to plain TeX, LaTeX and AMSTeX are all supported. Note that TeX and SGML or HTML aliases are not given explicitly in the list of characters below.

Types of aliases.

The following general conventions are used for all aliases:

Characters that are alternatives to standard keyboard operators use these operators as their aliases (e.g. -> for , && for ).

Most single-letter aliases stand for Greek letters.

Capital-letter characters have aliases beginning with capital letters.

When there is ambiguity in the assignment of aliases, a space is inserted at the beginning of the alias for the less common character (e.g. -> for \[Rule] and -> for \[RightArrow]).

! is inserted at the beginning of the alias for a Not character.

TeX aliases begin with a backslash \.

SGML aliases begin with an ampersand &.

User-defined aliases conventionally begin with a dot or comma.

Font Matching

The special fonts provided with Mathematica include all the characters given in this listing. Some of these characters also appear in certain ordinary text fonts.

When rendering text in a particular font, the Mathematica notebook front end will use all the characters available in that font. It will use the special Mathematica fonts only for other characters.

A choice is made between Times-like, Helvetica-like (sans serif) and Courier-like (monospaced) variants to achieve the best matching with the ordinary text font in use.