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FilledSmallSquare LegendreP[n, x] gives the Legendre polynomial .

FilledSmallSquare LegendreP[n, m, x] gives the associated Legendre polynomial .

FilledSmallSquare Mathematical function (see Section A.3.10).

FilledSmallSquare Explicit formulas are given for integer n and m.

FilledSmallSquare The Legendre polynomials satisfy the differential equation .

FilledSmallSquare The Legendre polynomials are orthogonal with unit weight function.

FilledSmallSquare The associated Legendre polynomials are defined by .

FilledSmallSquare For arbitrary complex values of n, m and z, LegendreP[n, z] and LegendreP[n, m, z] give Legendre functions of the first kind.

FilledSmallSquare LegendreP[n, m, a, z] gives Legendre functions of type a. The default is type 1.

FilledSmallSquare The symbolic form of type 1 involves , of type 2 involves and of type 3 involves .

FilledSmallSquare Type 1 is defined only for within the unit circle in the complex plane. Type 2 represents an analytic continuation of type 1 outside the unit circle.

FilledSmallSquare Type 2 functions have branch cuts from to and from to in the complex plane.

FilledSmallSquare Type 3 functions have a single branch cut from to .

FilledSmallSquare LegendreP[n, m, a, z] is defined to be Hypergeometric2F1Regularized[-n,n+1,1-m,(1-z)/2] multiplied by for type 2 and by for type 3.

FilledSmallSquare See Section 3.2.9 and Section 3.2.10.

FilledSmallSquare See also: SphericalHarmonicY.

FilledSmallSquare New in Version 1; modified in 5.0.

Further Examples