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Documentation / Mathematica / Built-in Functions / Programming / Assignments /

Set

FilledSmallSquare lhs = rhs evaluates rhs and assigns the result to be the value of lhs. From then on, lhs is replaced by rhs whenever it appears.

FilledSmallSquare , , ... = , , ... evaluates the , and assigns the results to be the values of the corresponding .

FilledSmallSquare lhs can be any expression, including a pattern.

FilledSmallSquare f[x_] = x^2 is a typical assignment for a pattern. Notice the presence of _ on the left-hand side, but not the right-hand side.

FilledSmallSquare An assignment of the form f[args] = rhs sets up a transformation rule associated with the symbol f.

FilledSmallSquare Different rules associated with a particular symbol are usually placed in the order that you give them. If a new rule that you give is determined to be more specific than existing rules, it is, however, placed before them. When the rules are used, they are tested in order.

FilledSmallSquare New assignments with identical lhs overwrite old ones.

FilledSmallSquare You can see all the assignments associated with a symbol f using ?f or Definition[f].

FilledSmallSquare If you make assignments for functions that have attributes like Flat and Orderless, you must make sure to set these attributes before you make assignments for the functions.

FilledSmallSquare Set has attribute HoldFirst.

FilledSmallSquare If lhs is of the form f[args], then args are evaluated.

FilledSmallSquare There are some special functions for which an assignment to s[f[args]] is automatically associated with f rather than s. These functions include: Attributes, Default, Format, MessageName, Messages, N and Options.

FilledSmallSquare When it appears in an unevaluated symbolic form, Set is treated as a scoping construct (see Section A.3.8).

FilledSmallSquare lhs = rhs returns rhs even if for some reason the assignment specified cannot be performed.

FilledSmallSquare Some global variables such as $RecursionLimit can only be assigned a certain range or class of values.

FilledSmallSquare See Section 1.4.2, Section 2.5.5, Section 2.5.8 and Section A.5.2.

FilledSmallSquare See also: TagSet, Unset, Clear, HoldPattern, DownValues.

FilledSmallSquare New in Version 1.

Further Examples