Cells and Cell Groups
Every Mathematica notebook consists of a sequence of cells, normally indicated by brackets at the right. You can arrange cells in groups to organize your document into sections and subsections.
A group of cells can be closed so that only the head cell is visible. To open a cell group, double-click the bracket of the head cell. Double-click again to close the group.
Here is a notebook with closed cell groups. The arrow at the bottom of a cell bracket indicates a closed group.
Here is the same notebook with cell groups open.