This is documentation for Mathematica 6, which was
based on an earlier version of the Wolfram Language.
View current documentation (Version 11.2)
Units Package Tutorial
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Functions »

Units Package

There are many systems of units. The particular set of units that is used depends on factors as various as the field of study and the author's country of origin. The function Convert provides conversion between different units.
Convert[old,newunits] convert old to a form involving a combination of newunits

Converting units.

This loads the package.
In[1]:=
Click for copyable input
This converts meters per second into miles per hour.
In[2]:=
Click for copyable input
Out[2]=
You have to give prefixes for units as separate words.
In[3]:=
Click for copyable input
Out[3]=
The conversion of temperature units is different from most other unit conversions, because it is not multiplicative. This is simply because the zeros of various systems are set at different values. For example, zero degrees Centigrade is the same as 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
ConvertTemperature[temp,oldunits,newunits] convert temp from the oldunits scale to the newunits scale

Converting temperatures.

This converts the temperature. Convert only converts the units of temperature.
In[4]:=
Click for copyable input
Out[4]=

Temperature scales.

To organize the use of units, certain standardized systems have been developed. These include the International System (SI) and systems using particular metric units, such as the meter/kilogram/second system. The functions SI, MKS, and CGS convert various units into the standard systems.
SI[expr] convert expr to SI units (International System)
MKS[expr] convert expr to MKS units (meter/kilogram/second)
CGS[expr] convert expr to CGS units (centimeter/gram/second)

Conversion of units into standard systems.

The International Standard unit for pressure is the Pascal.
In[5]:=
Click for copyable input
Out[5]=
You can request information about any unit.
Yocto10-24Deca101
Zepto10-21Hecto102
Atto10-18Kilo103
Femto10-15Mega106
Pico10-12Giga109
Nano10-9Tera1012
Micro10-6Peta1015
Milli10-3Exa1018
Centi10-2Zetta1021
Deci10-1Yotta1024

SI unit prefixes.

Electrical units.

Units of length.

Units of information.

Units of time.

Units of mass.

Units of weight.

Units of force.

Units of inverse length.

Units of volume.

Units of viscosity.

Units of types of luminous energy and intensity.

Units of radiation.

Angles.

Units of power.

Units of area.

Amounts of substances.

Acceleration due to gravity.

Magnetic units.

Unit multipliers.

Units of pressure.

Units of energy.

Unit of frequency.

Unit of speed.

Unit of fineness for yarn or thread.