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Mathematica Import/Export Format

PPM (.ppm)

MIME type: image/x-portable-pixmap
PPM color raster image format.
Member of the Portable family of image formats.
Related to PBM and PGM.
Implements a subset of the PNM format.
Native format of the Netpbm graphics software package.
Primarily used as an intermediate file format on Unix systems.
PPM is an acronym for Portable Pixel Map.
ASCII or Binary format.
Stores raster images as 8-bit or 16-bit RGB data.
Developed in 1988 as part of the Pbmplus package.
  • Export creates binary PPM files.
  • If multiple images are present in a PPM file, Import returns the first of the images.
  • Import["file.ppm"] imports a PPM file, returning a graphics object.
  • Export["file.ppm", expr] exports graphics or any other expression as a PPM raster image.
  • Export by default generates binary PPM files.
  • Import["file.ppm"] returns an expression of the form Graphics[Raster[data], opts], where data is an array of RGB color values.
  • Export["file.ppm", expr] creates a PPM image with the same image size as the displayed form of expr.
  • Because PPM is a raster image format, all fonts are rasterized on export.
  • Import["file.ppm", elem] imports the specified element from a PPM file.
  • Import["file.ppm", {elem, suba, subb, ...}] imports a subelement.
  • Import["file.ppm", {{elem1, elem2, ...}}] imports multiple elements.
  • The import format can be specified with Import["file", "PPM"] or Import["file", {"PPM", elem, ...}].
  • Export["file.ppm", expr, elem] creates a PPM file by treating expr as specifying element elem.
  • Export["file.ppm", {expr1, expr2, ...}, {{elem1, elem2, ...}}] treats each expri as specifying the corresponding elemi.
  • Export["file.ppm", expr, opt1->val1, ...] exports expr with the specified option elements taken to have the specified values.
  • Export["file.ppm", {elem1->expr1, elem2->expr2, ...}, "Rules"] uses rules to specify the elements to be exported.
  • See the reference pages for full general information on Import and Export.
  • In the notebook front end, Insert ► Picture and the Open menu allow import of a PPM file into a cell.
  • Save Selection As exports the selected part of a notebook as a PPM file.
"Elements" list of elements and options available in this file
"Rules"full list of rules for each element and option
"Options"list of rules for options, properties and settings
  • Data representation elements:
"Data"array of RGB triples
"Graphics"Graphics object representing an image
"GrayLevels"array of normalized gray-level values
"RGBColorArray"array of RGBColor objects
  • Import and Export by default use the "Graphics"element for PPM files.
"BitDepth"bits used to represent each color channel in the file
"ImageSize"raster dimensions
  • General option:
ImageSizeAutomaticoverall image size
"ColorMap"Nonedetermines the color-reduction palette used for representing the imported PPM
"DitheringMethod""FloydSteinberg"the dithering method used when color reduction is performed on Import
  • The following settings can be given for "ColorMap":
Automaticchooses an adaptive set of at most 256 colors
nadaptive set of at most n colors
{color1, color2, ...}list of RGBColor objects
Noneno color reduction is performed
  • The "DitheringMethod" option specifies the dithering algorithm used for generating the color-reduction palette on Import:
"FloydSteinberg"Floyd-Steinberg error diffusion dithering
Noneno dithering is used
"ImageTopOrientation"Toporientation of the exported image
  • Detailed property:
"ColorSpace"RGBColorcolor space of the image