Systemwide Defaults on Unix and Linux
If you have installed Mathematica
in a location where multiple users run it (for example, on a file server or multi-user machine), then you can set up systemwide defaults for the Mathematica
front end and kernel. This is ideal for setting up Mathematica
for use in computer labs and classrooms. If you share the directory $BaseDirectory
across the network, these defaults will also take effect on local installations that use the shared $BaseDirectory
The following instructions assume that $BaseDirectory
have their default values, /usr/share/Mathematica
To Set Up a Configuration File for the Front End:
, and set up any changes to the front end that you need. For example, you may want to modify default file locations, language options, or menu settings.
Copy the file ~/.Mathematica/FrontEnd/init.m to the directory /usr/share/Mathematica/FrontEnd.
These settings will now be used by the front end unless overridden by the local init.m file stored in the user's directory ~/.Mathematica/FrontEnd.
To Set Up a Configuration File for the Kernel:
, and create a new file.
Add any Mathematica
commands that should be evaluated on startup. For example, you may want to add a function definition or display a message at startup. Enter all the commands in the same cell, separating commands with semicolons.
Make this cell an initialization cell by selecting the cell bracket and then choosing .
When you have finished making your changes, choose and select Mathematica Package
from the Save as type
popup menu. Then save the file as /usr/share/Mathematica/Kernel/init.m.
These commands will be evaluated when users launch Mathematica
. If you added a function definition, that function will be available to all users.