This is documentation for Mathematica 8, which was
based on an earlier version of the Wolfram Language.
View current documentation (Version 11.2)
Mathematica Syntax Characters
The syntax of the Mathematica language is unique among modern languages in allowing not just ordinary ASCII characters, but also a variety of special characters that greatly increase readability and elegance, as well as correspondence with traditional mathematical notation.
Arithmetic & Functions
× \[Times] multiplication sign, automatically added between numbers etc.
÷ \[Divide]  ▪ \[Sqrt]  ▪ \[Piecewise]  ▪ \[LeftFloor]  ▪   ▪   ▪
Comparisons
, , , = automatically converted from , , ,
\[LongEqual] alternative form equivalent to
Constants
Calculus, etc.
Vectors & Matrices
\[Cross]  ▪ Transpose \[Transpose]  ▪ * \[Conjugate]  ▪ ConjugateTranspose  ▪ HermitianConjugate
Logic
\[And]  ▪ \[Or]  ▪ ¬ \[Not]  ▪ \[Xor]  ▪ \[Nand]  ▪ \[Nor]
Sets, etc.
\[Element]  ▪   ▪   ▪ \[ForAll]  ▪ \[Exists]
    
Rules
\[Rule] automatically converted from
\[RuleDelayed] automatically converted from
Parts
...... part specification, entered using Esc [[ Esc, Esc ]] Esc
Pure Functions
Function \[Function] pure function
    
\[InvisibleApplication] separate a function and its argument, as in
    
CirclePlus ( ▪ Wedge ( ▪ AngleBracket ( ▪ ...
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