This is documentation for Mathematica 8, which was
based on an earlier version of the Wolfram Language.
View current documentation (Version 11.2)
Mathematical Typesetting
Developed at Wolfram Research over nearly twenty years, Mathematica has by far the world's most sophisticated and convenient mathematical typesetting technology. Generalizing the concept of a computer language to allow 2D input, Mathematica allows both interactive and programmatic entry of arbitrarily complex typeset expressions, with publication-quality layout continuously maintained in real time.
StandardForm Mathematica unambiguous format (Ctrl+Shift+N)
TraditionalForm traditional textbook math notation (Ctrl+Shift+T)
InputForm linear input form (Ctrl+Shift+I)
Palettes ► Other ► Basic Math Input bring up a palette of common input notations
PalettesSpecial Characters access all Mathematica special characters »
Keyboard Input
(Ctrl+^ or Ctrl+6 ▪ (Ctrl+_ ▪ (Ctrl+/ ▪ (Ctrl+2 ▪ ...
Ctrl+Space move out of a script position
Ctrl+(, Ctrl+) start, end an inline math cell in text, or text in math
(Esc p Esc ▪ (Esc ii Esc ▪ ∞ (Esc inf Esc ▪ (Esc int Esc ▪ (differential d) (Esc dd Esc ▪ (Esc a Esc ▪ ...
Subscript( ▪ OverBar( ▪ CirclePlus( ▪ LeftRightArrow( ▪ ...
MatrixForm  ▪ Grid  ▪ Column  ▪ Row  ▪ Framed  ▪ Labeled  ▪ Tooltip  ▪ ...
NumberForm  ▪ PaddedForm  ▪ ...
Text text within math
Style  ▪ Bold  ▪ Italic  ▪ Large  ▪ Small  ▪ Red  ▪ ...
HoldForm display expressions without evaluating them
Speak, SpokenString generate spoken representations of mathematical expressions