|Mathematica supports operations on matrices of any size and has a range of input methods appropriate for different needs, from small formatted matrices via keyboard or palettes, to text-based entry or automatic import.|
This is a selection of examples from the complete "How to" screencast. »
Lists are very important general structures in Mathematica.
A matrix in Mathematica
is represented as a list of sublists of the same length.
also has a user interface to input matrices.
In the window that appears, select Matrix (List of lists)
, enter the number of rows and columns for your matrix, and click OK
Your matrix is inserted into your notebook:
Click a placeholder to enter input. Once one is highlighted, you can move to the next one using the tab or arrow keys:
Evaluating the matrix gives its underlying structure as a uniform nested list:
You can also enter matrices using the palette.
Open the palette from the menu:
On the Advanced
tab, click the Matrix
button to insert a 2×2 matrix:
As before, you can move through the empty placeholders using the tab or arrow keys.
To create a new row, use Ctrl+ Enter
. The new row will be inserted immediately below the position of your cursor. Pressing Ctrl+ Enter
with the cursor positioned after any entry in the last row creates a new row at the bottom of the matrix:
Similarly, new columns can be entered using Ctrl+ ,
You can import a matrix from a file. In this example, data is imported from a file and displayed in MatrixForm