This is documentation for Mathematica 8, which was
based on an earlier version of the Wolfram Language.
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# Keyboard Shortcut Listing

 Navigate Backward Alt+ Navigate Forward Alt+

 Cycle to Next Open Notebook Window Ctrl+F6

Window cycling shortcuts.

 Scroll Page Up PageUp Scroll Page Down PageDown Scroll Notebook Start Ctrl+Home Scroll Notebook End Ctrl+End

Scrolling shortcuts.

 Move Next Placeholder Tab Move Previous Placeholder Shift+Tab Move Next Expression Ctrl+Tab Move Previous Expression Shift+Ctrl+Tab Delete Next Expression Shift+Ctrl+Del Delete Previous Expression Shift+Ctrl+Backspace

Other expression editing shortcuts.

 Select Next Shift+ Select Previous Shift+ Select Next Word Ctrl+Shift+ Select Previous Word Ctrl+Shift+ Select Line End Shift+End Select Line Beginning Shift+Home

Selecting text shortcuts.

 Previous Slide PageUp Next Slide PageDown

 New ► Notebook Ctrl+N Open Ctrl+O Close Ctrl+F4 Close All Shift+Ctrl+F4 Save Ctrl+S Save As Shift+Ctrl+S Print Ctrl+P Print Selection Shift+Ctrl+P Exit Alt+F4

 Undo Ctrl+Z Cut Ctrl+X Copy Ctrl+C Paste Ctrl+V Clear Del Copy As ► Plain Text Shift+Ctrl+C Extend Selection Ctrl+. Select All Ctrl+A Check Balance Shift+Ctrl+B Complete Selection Ctrl+K Make Template Shift+Ctrl+K Check Spelling Ctrl+; Find Ctrl+F Enter Selection Ctrl+E Find Next F3 Find Previous Shift+F3 Preferences Macintosh Only

 Input from Above Ctrl+L Output from Above Shift+Ctrl+L Cell with Same Style Alt+Enter Hyperlink Shift+Ctrl+H

 End Subexpression Ctrl+ Superscript Ctrl+^ Subscript Ctrl+_ Above Ctrl+7 Below Ctrl+= Opposite Position Ctrl+5 Fraction Ctrl+/ Radical Ctrl+2 Start Inline Cell Ctrl+( End Inline Cell Ctrl+) Nudge Left Alt+Left Nudge Right Alt+Right Nudge Down Alt+Down Nudge Up Alt+Up Matching [] Alt+] Matching {} Alt+} Matching () Alt+)

 New Graphic Ctrl+1

 Clear Formatting Shift+Ctrl+ Option Inspector Shift+Ctrl+O Font Macintosh Only

 Title Alt+1 Subtitle Alt+2 Subsubtitle Alt+3 Section Alt+4 Subsection Alt+5 Subsubsection Alt+6 Text Alt+7 Code Alt+8 Input Alt+9

FormatStyle menu shortcuts for the default stylesheet.

 Bold Ctrl+B Italic Ctrl+I Underline Ctrl+U

 Larger Alt+= Smaller Alt+-

 Divide Cell Shift+Ctrl+D Merge Cells Shift+Ctrl+M Show Expression Shift+Ctrl+E

 Input Form Shift+Ctrl+I Raw Input Form Shift+Ctrl+R Standard Form Shift+Ctrl+N Traditional Form Shift+Ctrl+T

 Group Cells/Group Together Ctrl+Shift+G Ungroup Cells/Group Normally Ctrl+Shift+U Open All Subgroups Ctrl+{ Close All Subgroups Ctrl+} Open/Close Group Ctrl+'

 New Graphic Ctrl+1 Drawing Tools Ctrl+D

 Group Ctrl+Shift+G Ungroup Ctrl+Shift+U

 Evaluate Cells Shift+Enter or Numeric Keypad Enter Evaluate in Place Shift+Ctrl+Enter Evaluate in Subsession F7 Interrupt Evaluation Alt+, Abort Evaluation Alt+. Remove from Evaluation Queue Shift+Alt+.

 Halt Ctrl+Break Continue F5 Step F10 Step In F11 Step Out Shift+F11 Finish Shift+Ctrl+F Toggle Breakpoint F9

 Full Screen F12

## Interactive Graphics Shortcuts

 New Graphic Ctrl+1 Select/Move/Resize O Get Coordinates . Point P Freehand Line F Line L Line Segments S Arrow A Polygon G Disk/Circle C Rectangle Q Traditional Form Text M Text T

Drawing Tools palette shortcuts.

The shortcuts in the table above can only be used if a graphic is selected. These actions are also available on the Drawing Tools palette (choose GraphicsDrawing Tools or type Ctrl+D to open the palette). See "Drawing Tools" for more information about the Drawing Tools palette.

## Input Aliases

The \[AliasDelimiter] or ( Esc ) character is produced by typing Esc.
 Indefinite Integral () EscinttEsc Definite Integral () EscdinttEsc Partial Derivative ( ) EscdtEsc Riemann Sum () EscsumtEsc Product () EscprodtEsc

Input aliases.

See InputAliases for information on setting your own input aliases.

## Special Character Shortcuts

The \[AliasDelimiter] or ( Esc ) character is produced by typing Esc.
 Greek Letters (, , ...) EscaEsc or EscAEsc, ... Hebrew Letters (, , ...) EscalEsc, ... Script Letters (, , ...) EscscaEsc or EscscAEsc, ... Double-Struck Letters (, , ...) EscdsaEsc or EscdsAEsc, ... Gothic Letters (, , ...) EscgoaEsc or EscgoAEsc, ... Formal Symbols (, , ...) Esc\$aEsc or Esc\$AEsc, ... International Character Sets (á, Á, ...) Esca'Esc or EscA'Esc, ...

A selection of notational alphabet shortcuts.

 Exponential () EsceeEsc Integral ( ) EscintEsc Differential () EscddEsc Riemann Sum () EscsumEsc Empty Set () EscesEsc Imaginary I () EsciiEsc Dell () EscdelEsc Transpose () EsctrEsc Hbar () EschbEsc Infinity (∞) EscinfEsc

A selection of mathematical typesetting shortcuts.

 Element () EscelEsc For All () EscfaEsc Union () EscunEsc Intersection () EscinterEsc Not (¬) EscnotEsc Implies () Esc=>Esc Therefore () EsctfEsc

A selection of logical connective shortcuts.

 Angstrom () EscAngEsc Cent (¢) EsccentEsc Degree (°) EscdegEsc

A selection of unit shortcuts.

 Filled Square () EscfsqEsc Filled Circle () EscfciEsc Five Point Star () Esc*5Esc Mathematica Icon () EscmathEsc

A selection of shapes shortcuts.

See "Letters and Letter-like Forms", "Operators", "Notational Alphabet Characters", and "Special Characters" for more information on Mathematica's special characters.