based on an earlier version of the Wolfram Language.
Using a host of original algorithms developed at Wolfram Research, Mathematica provides powerful functions that automate the process of creating cognitively and aesthetically compelling representations of structured and unstructured data—not only for points, lines, and surfaces, but also for graphs and networks.
ListPlot — plot lists of points
ListLinePlot — plot lines through lists of points
ListPlot3D — 3D plot from lists of 3D height data
ListPointPlot3D — 3D point scatter plot
ListContourPlot3D — 3D contour surfaces from 3D field values
ArrayPlot — plot an array of values or colors
ReliefPlot — plot an array with simulated relief
MatrixPlot — plot values in a matrix
GraphPlot — lay out a general graph
LayeredGraphPlot — draw a graph in a layered or hierarchical way
TreePlot — draw a tree structure
DiscretePlot — plot functions of a discrete variable