This is documentation for Mathematica 9, which was
based on an earlier version of the Wolfram Language.
View current documentation (Version 11.2)

Special Characters

Mathematica not only has systemwide support for arbitrary Unicode characters, but also includes nearly a thousand carefully designed characters for mathematical notation and technical presentation—all fully integrated into Mathematica's input, output, and graphics.

ReferenceReference

EscnnnEsc or \[Name] named character (e.g. , EscaEsc, \[Alpha])

Insert ► Special Character palette of all named special characters

Mathematica Syntax »

 ▪ ° ▪  ▪ × ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ ...

\[Degree] ▪ \[ImaginaryI] ▪ \[Times] ▪ \[Element] ▪ \[Rule] ▪ ...

Greek Letters »

 ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ ...

\[Alpha] ▪ \[CurlyTheta] ▪ \[CapitalDelta] ▪ \[Sampi] ▪ ...

Notational Alphabets »

 ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ FormalA ▪ FormalCapitalA ▪  ▪ ...

\[ScriptA] ▪ \[ScriptCapitalA] ▪ \[GothicA] ▪ \[FormalA] ▪ \[Aleph] ▪ ...

Mathematical Notation »

 ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ ...

\[Integral] ▪ \[Sum] ▪ \[Del] ▪ \[ForAll] ▪ \[CirclePlus] ▪ ...

Arrows & Arrow-Like Forms »

 ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ ...

\[RightArrow] ▪ \[LongRightArrow] ▪ \[DoubleRightArrow] ▪ \[LeftRightArrow] ▪ ...

Textual Forms »

- ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ " ▪ " ▪ ¿ ▪ © ▪ ...

\[Dash] ▪ \[LongDash] ▪ \[Bullet] ▪ \[Copyright] ▪ ...

Currency, Units, and Special Notations »

 ▪ £ ▪ µ ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ \[WhiteKnight] ▪ ...

\[Euro] ▪ \[Sterling] ▪ \[Micro] ▪ \[Mars] ▪ \[Natural] ▪ ...

User Interfaces & Documentation »

 ▪ » ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ ...

Shapes, Icons, etc. »

 ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪  ▪ ...

\[FilledSquare] ▪ \[EmptySquare] ▪ \[HappySmiley] ▪ ...

Non-Printing Characters »

\[ThinSpace] ▪ \[NonBreakingSpace] ▪ \[InvisibleComma] ▪ \[AlignmentMarker] ▪ ...

International Characters »

é ▪ ö ▪ à ▪ á ▪ â ▪ ã ▪ ä ▪ å ▪ ç ▪  ▪ ø ▪ æ ▪ ß ▪ ...

\[EAcute] ▪ \[ODoubleDot] ▪ \[CHacek] ▪ ...

ToCharacterCode ▪ FromCharacterCode ▪ CharacterRange

FullForm show characters in their full named form

\nn, \:nnnn enter octal or Unicode forms

Esc\alphaEsc, EscΑEsc, etc. — enter , HTML, SGML, etc. forms