is an option to PageRanks, PageRankVector, LinkRanks, and LinkRankMatrix that specifies the probability that an internet user may choose to visit a vertex at random instead of choosing an outlink.


  • To use , you first need to load the Graph Utilities Package using Needs["GraphUtilities`"].
  • Possible values are positive numbers less than 1. The default value is 0.15.
  • A smaller value makes the PageRanks a more accurate reflection of a normal internet user's behavior, but also makes the iterative process converge more slowly.
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