Mathematica Syntax Characters

The syntax of the Mathematica language is unique among modern languages in allowing not just ordinary ASCII characters, but also a variety of special characters that greatly increase readability and elegance, as well as correspondence with traditional mathematical notation.

ReferenceReference

Arithmetic & Functions

× \[Times] multiplication sign, automatically added between numbers etc.

÷ \[Divide] ▪ \[Sqrt] ▪ \[Piecewise] ▪ \[LeftFloor] ▪  ▪  ▪

Comparisons

, , , = automatically converted from , , ,

\[LongEqual] alternative form equivalent to

Constants

\[Infinity] ▪ \[Pi] ▪ \[ExponentialE] ▪ \[ImaginaryI] ▪ ° \[Degree]

Calculus, etc.

\[PartialD] ▪ \[Integral] ▪ \[DifferentialD] ▪ \[Sum] ▪ \[Product]

DifferenceDelta \[DifferenceDelta] ▪ DiscreteRatio \[DiscreteRatio] ▪ DiscreteShift \[DiscreteShift]

Vectors & Matrices

\[Cross] ▪ Transpose \[Transpose] ▪ * \[Conjugate] ▪ ConjugateTranspose ▪ HermitianConjugate

Logic

\[And] ▪ \[Or] ▪ ¬ \[Not] ▪ \[Xor] ▪ \[Nand] ▪ \[Nor]

\[Implies] ▪ \[Equivalent]

Sets, etc.

\[Element] ▪  ▪  ▪ \[ForAll] ▪ \[Exists]

\[Union] ▪ \[Intersection]

Rules

\[Rule] automatically converted from

\[RuleDelayed] automatically converted from

Parts

...... part specification, entered using Esc[[Esc, Esc]]Esc

Pure Functions

Function \[Function] pure function

Invisible Syntax »

\[InvisibleComma] ▪ \[InvisibleTimes] ▪ \[ImplicitPlus]

\[InvisibleApplication] separate a function and its argument, as in

Operators without Built-in Meanings »

CirclePlus () ▪ Wedge () ▪ AngleBracket () ▪ ...

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