How to | Import and Export File Elements
Sometimes you may want to work with a specific part of a file instead of all of it. When bringing a file into Mathematica, you can elect to import just individual parts of the file, which are called elements. Mathematica's ability to import and export elements of files gives you greater control over the information being exchanged while simultaneously saving time and memory.
Begin by importing an image from the Mathematica documentation directory ExampleData:
Use as the second argument in Import to view the elements of the image that are available for import:
Get the pixel size of the image:
Import the complete of the image and set it to the variable . Since is large and you do not need to view all of it, the output is suppressed here with a semicolon:
You can now analyze the image data, for example by using ListPlot3D:
After importing, you can then export elements to control exactly what is exported. This gives you a great deal of extensibility when working with data in different files and formats.
Import the first sheet of data from the spreadsheets and from the Mathematica documentation directory ExampleData:
Export these to separate sheets in a single spreadsheet file:
The specific Import and Export elements that can be used depend on the file formats you are working with. For more information, see the documentation pages for the formats. There is also some additional information in How to: Import and Export.