This package contains components to model 1dimensional heat transfer
with lumped elements. This allows especially to model heat transfer in
machines provided the parameters of the lumped elements, such as
the heat capacity of a part, can be determined by measurements
(due to the complex geometries and many materials used in machines,
calculating the lumped element parameters from some basic analytic
formulas is usually not possible).
Example models how to use this library are given in subpackage Examples.
For a first simple example, see Examples.TwoMasses where two masses
with different initial temperatures are getting in contact to each
other and arriving after some time at a common temperature.
Examples.ControlledTemperature shows how to hold a temperature
within desired limits by switching on and off an electric resistor.
A more realistic example is provided in Examples.Motor where the
heating of an electrical motor is modelled, see the following screen shot
of this example:
The filled and nonfilled red squares at the left and
right side of a component represent thermal ports (connector HeatPort).
Drawing a line between such squares means that they are thermally connected.
The variables of a HeatPort connector are the temperature T at the port
and the heat flow rate Q_flow flowing into the component (if Q_flow is positive,
the heat flows into the element, otherwise it flows out of the element):
Modelica.SIunits.Temperature T "absolute temperature at port in Kelvin";
Modelica.SIunits.HeatFlowRate Q_flow "flow rate at the port in Watt";
Note, that all temperatures of this package, including initial conditions,
are given in Kelvin. For convenience, in subpackages HeatTransfer.Celsius,
HeatTransfer.Fahrenheit and HeatTransfer.Rankine components are provided such that source and
sensor information is available in degree Celsius, degree Fahrenheit, or degree Rankine,
respectively. Additionally, in package SIunits.Conversions conversion
functions between the units Kelvin and Celsius, Fahrenheit, Rankine are
provided. These functions may be used in the following way:
import SI=Modelica.SIunits;
import Modelica.SIunits.Conversions.*;
...
parameter SI.Temperature T = from_degC(25); // convert 25 degree Celsius to Kelvin
There are several other components available, such as AxialConduction (discretized PDE in
axial direction), which have been temporarily removed from this library. The reason is that
these components reference material properties, such as thermal conductivity, and currently
the Modelica design group is discussing a general scheme to describe material properties.
For technical details in the design of this library, see the following reference:
Michael Tiller (2001):
Introduction to Physical Modeling with Modelica.
Kluwer Academic Publishers Boston.
Acknowledgements:
Several helpful remarks from the following persons are acknowledged:
John Batteh, Ford Motors, Dearborn, U.S.A;
Anton Haumer, Technical Consulting & Electrical Engineering, Austria;
Ludwig Marvan, VA TECH ELIN EBG Elektronik GmbH, Wien, Austria;
Hans Olsson, Dynasim AB, Sweden;
Hubertus Tummescheit, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden.
 Main Authors:

Anton Haumer
Technical Consulting & Electrical Engineering
A3423 St.AndraeWoerdern, Austria
email: a.haumer@haumer.at
Copyright © 20012009, Modelica Association, Michael Tiller and DLR.
This Modelica package is free software; it can be redistributed and/or modified
under the terms of the Modelica license, see the license conditions
and the accompanying disclaimer in the documentation of package
Modelica in file "Modelica/package.mo".