gives the arrays of coefficients of the variables vars in the polynomials polys.

Details and OptionsDetails and Options

  • CoefficientArrays gives a list containing SparseArray objects, which can be converted to ordinary arrays using Normal.
  • If CoefficientArrays[polys,vars] gives {m0,m1,m2,}, then polys can be reconstructed as m0+m1.vars+m2.vars.vars+. »
  • Any element of polys of the form lhs==rhs is taken to correspond to the polynomial lhs-rhs. »
  • CoefficientArrays[polys,{form1,form2,}] takes all expressions in polys that match any of the formi to be variables.
  • CoefficientArrays[polys] is equivalent to CoefficientArrays[polys,Variables[polys]].
  • The length of the list CoefficientArrays[polys,vars] is one more than the total degree of polys.
  • The mi are sparse arrays with ranks .
  • The first element m0 has the same length as the list polys.
  • If polys is a single polynomial rather than a list, m0 is also not a list.
  • For linear equations, the solution to Thread[polys==0] is given by LinearSolve[m1,-m0].
  • For nonlinear equations, the mi are not unique. CoefficientArrays by default assigns nonzero coefficients only to monomials where the variables appear in the same order as vars.
  • CoefficientArrays[polys,vars,"Symmetric"->True] makes all the mi symmetric in all their indices. The resulting arrays will generally be less sparse.
Introduced in 2003