Arithmetic Functions

Mathematica immediately allows you to do arithmetic not only with individual numbers, but also with arbitrary lists or arrays—as well as symbolic and algebraic forms. Mathematica uses the latest platform-optimized algorithms to work with exact and approximate numbers up to billions of digits, as well as polynomials with millions of terms.


Plus (+) — addition of numbers, lists, arrays, or symbolic expressions

Subtract (-) — subtraction

Times (×) — multiplication, entered as a space, or (Esc*Esc)

Divide (/) — division, also entered as (EscdivEsc)

Power (^) — power, entered as a superscript using Ctrl+^

Sqrt square root, entered as using Ctrl+@

Total total of elements in a list

Mean mean of a list

Accumulate cumulative sums in a list

Differences successive differences in a list

Ratios successive ratios in a list

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