# Automatic Loading of Packages

Other tutorials have discussed explicit loading of *Mathematica* packages using <<package and Needs[package]. Sometimes, however, you may want to set *Mathematica* up so that it automatically loads a particular package when the package is needed.

You can use DeclarePackage to give the names of symbols which are defined in a particular package. Then, when one of these symbols is actually used, *Mathematica* will automatically load the package where the symbol is defined.

DeclarePackage["context`",{"name_{1}","name_{2}",...}] | |

declare that a package should automatically be loaded if a symbol with any of the names is used |

Arranging for automatic loading of packages.

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In[2]:= |

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When you set up a large collection of *Mathematica* packages, it is often a good idea to create an additional "names file" which contains a sequence of DeclarePackage commands, specifying packages to load when particular names are used. Within a particular *Mathematica* session, you then need to load explicitly only the names file. When you have done this, all the other packages will automatically be loaded if and when they are needed.

DeclarePackage works by immediately creating symbols with the names you specify, but giving each of these symbols the special attribute Stub. Whenever *Mathematica* finds a symbol with the Stub attribute, it automatically loads the package corresponding to the context of the symbol, in an attempt to find the definition of the symbol.