Lists are central constructs in Mathematica, used to represent collections, arrays, sets, and sequences of all kinds. Lists can have any structure and size, and can routinely involve even millions of elements. Well over a thousand built-in functions throughout Mathematica operate directly on lists, making lists a powerful vehicle for interoperability.
Table — make a table of values of an expression
Array — make an array of any dimension from a function
Select — select according to a function
Cases — give cases matching a pattern
Flatten — flatten out nested lists