WOLFRAM SYSTEM MODELER

# RheostatConfiguration

Thumbwheel potentiometer in rheostat configuration.

# Wolfram Language

In[1]:=
`SystemModel["EducationExamples.ElectricalEngineering.Potentiometers.RheostatConfiguration"]`
Out[1]:=

# Rheostat Configuration

CONTENTS:
 ˇ Introduction ˇ Model ˇ Simulation

## Introduction

Potentiometers, also known as pots, are useful electrical components that allow a person or a machine to directly tune the voltage or resistance in one part of a circuit. In its normal configuration, a potentiometer acts as a variable voltage divider. If a voltage source is connected between the two pins, called terminals, the voltage over the third pin, known as the wiper, will vary with the position of the potentiometer shaft. This shaft can, for example, be controlled by a slider or a thumbwheel.

## Model

In this example model, a thumbwheel potentiometer has been connected in a rheostat configuration, working as a variable resistor. The terminal pin connected to the ground has been short-circuited with the wiper pin. This means that the voltage over the terminal to the wiper will be the same as over the two terminals. When no other components are connected in a series, the voltage will be same as the input voltage.

The current flowing from the input terminal to the wiper will, however, depend on the angle of the thumbwheel, hence its use as a variable resistor.

## Simulation

To simulate the model, perform this step:

• Click the Simulate button in the top toolbar .

### Plot the results

Explore how the current through the rheostat decreases as the potentiometer gets turned around. Plot the stored plot called PotentiometerCurrents by double-clicking it from the Stored Plots section.

You should now see the following graph:

# Parameters (4)

minAngle Value: 0 Type: Angle (rad) Description: Minimum angle for the thumbwheel. Value: 3.14159265358979 Type: Angle (rad) Description: Maximum angle for the thumbwheel. Value: 10 Type: Resistance (Ω) Description: Minimum resistance for the potentiometer. Value: 1000 Type: Resistance (Ω) Description: Maximum resistance for the potentiometer.

# Components (6)

potentionmeter Description: Thumbwheel potentiometer in rheostat configuration. Type: Ground Description: Ground component. Type: Position Description: Angle of the thumbwheel potentiometer. Type: ConstantVoltage Description: Constant voltage source. Type: Ramp Description: Ramp signal that sets the angle of the thumbwheel potentiometer. Type: Limiter