ConnectedComponents

gives the connected components of the graph g.

ConnectedComponents[g,{v1,v2,}]

gives the connected components that include at least one of the vertices v1, v2, .

ConnectedComponents[g,patt]

gives the connected components that include a vertex that matches the pattern patt.

ConnectedComponents[{vw,},]

uses rules vw to specify the graph g.

Details

• ConnectedComponents returns a list of components {c1,c2,}, where each component ci is given as a list of vertices.
• For an undirected graph, the vertices u and v are in the same component if there is a path from u to v.
• For a directed graph, the vertices u and v are in the same component if there is a directed path from u to v and from v to u.
• For directed graphs, strongly connected components are computed.
• For undirected graphs, the components are ordered by their length, with the largest component first.
• For directed graphs, the components {c1,c2,} are given in an order such that there are no edges from ci to ci+1, ci+2, etc.
• ConnectedComponents works with undirected graphs, directed graphs, multigraphs, and mixed graphs.

Examples

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Basic Examples(1)

Give the connected components of a graph:

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Highlight connected components:

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