finds an independent edge set of the graph g with a maximum number of edges.


uses rules vw to specify the graph g.

Details and Options

  • An independent edge set is also known as a matching.
  • An independent edge set is a set of edges that are never incident to the same vertex.
  • FindIndependentEdgeSet returns a list of edges.
  • FindIndependentEdgeSet works with undirected graphs, directed graphs, weighted graphs, and multigraphs.


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Basic Examples  (1)

Find an independent edge set in a graph:

Show the edge set:

Scope  (6)

FindIndependentEdgeSet works with undirected graphs:

Directed graphs:

Weighted graphs:


Use rules to specify the graph:

FindIndependentEdgeSet works with large graphs:

Applications  (3)

A company has a number of different jobs. Each employee is suited for some of these jobs, and each person can perform at most one job at a time:

Maximize the number of jobs that can be performed simultaneously:

Given a set of women, each of whom has a preference for some subset of men, find a maximal matching where only matches that agree with preferences are allowed:

Compute a maximal matching:

An art history department would like to offer six courses. There are eight professors, each of whom is willing to teach certain courses. Find a maximal matching where professors only teach courses they are interested in teaching:

Match preferences to courses:

Properties & Relations  (3)

Test whether a set of edges is an independent edge set using IndependentEdgeSetQ:

Bipartite graphs have independent edge sets and vertex covers of equal length:

For a graph without isolated vertices, the sum of the size of the independent edge set and the size of the edge cover is equal to the number of vertices:

Wolfram Research (2010), FindIndependentEdgeSet, Wolfram Language function, (updated 2015).


Wolfram Research (2010), FindIndependentEdgeSet, Wolfram Language function, (updated 2015).


Wolfram Language. 2010. "FindIndependentEdgeSet." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. Last Modified 2015.


Wolfram Language. (2010). FindIndependentEdgeSet. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from


@misc{reference.wolfram_2022_findindependentedgeset, author="Wolfram Research", title="{FindIndependentEdgeSet}", year="2015", howpublished="\url{}", note=[Accessed: 14-August-2022 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2022_findindependentedgeset, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={FindIndependentEdgeSet}, year={2015}, url={}, note=[Accessed: 14-August-2022 ]}