is an option for Fit and FindFit that specifies a regularization for fitting a model.


  • Fit and FindFit typically find parameters pars that minimize the norm(res) where res is the residual vector defined as the difference between the model and data response at the data coordinate points. With FitRegularization->rfun, the objective to minimize is norm(residuals)+rfun(pars)
  • Fit and FindFit find parameters that minimize the norm where is the residual vector with components given by where are the data coordinates and are the data values and model also depends on the parameters.
  • Possible settings include:
  • Noneno regularization
    rfunregularize with rfun[a]
    {"Tikhonov", λ}regularize with
    {"LASSO",λ}regularize with
    {"Variation",λ}regularize with
    {"TotalVariation",λ}regularize with
    {"Curvature",λ}regularize with
    {r1,r2,}regularize with the sum of terms from r1,


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Basic Examples  (2)

Tikhonov regularization controls the size of the best fit parameters:

Without the regularization, the coefficients are quite large:

LASSO regularization can be used to select the most effective basis elements:

Applications  (5)

Use regularization to stabilize the numerical solution to where is perturbed:

The solution found by LinearSolve has very large entries:

Regularized solutions stay much closer to the solution of the unperturbed problem:

Use variation regularization to find a smooth approximation for an input signal:

The output target is a step function:

The input is determined from the output via convolution with :

Without regularization, the predicated response matches the signal very closely, but the computed input has a lot of oscillation:

With regularization of the variation, a much smoother approximation can be found:

Regularization of the input size may also be included:

Smooth a corrupted signal using variation regularization:

Plot the tradeoff between the norm of the residuals and the norm of the variation:

Choose a value of near where the curve bends sharply:

Use total variation regularization to smooth a corrupted signal with jumps:

Regularize with the parameter :

A smaller value of gives less smoothing, but the residual norm is smaller:

Use LASSO (L1) regularization to find a sparse fit (basis pursuit):

Here is a signal:

The goal is to approximate the signal with just of few of the thousands of Gabor basis functions:

With , a fit is found using only 41 of the basis elements:

The error is quite small:

Once the important elements of the basis have been found, error can be reduced by finding the least-squares fit to these elements:

With a smaller value , a fit is found using more of the basis elements:

The error is even smaller:

Wolfram Research (2019), FitRegularization, Wolfram Language function,


Wolfram Research (2019), FitRegularization, Wolfram Language function,


Wolfram Language. 2019. "FitRegularization." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research.


Wolfram Language. (2019). FitRegularization. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from


@misc{reference.wolfram_2021_fitregularization, author="Wolfram Research", title="{FitRegularization}", year="2019", howpublished="\url{}", note=[Accessed: 25-May-2022 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2021_fitregularization, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={FitRegularization}, year={2019}, url={}, note=[Accessed: 25-May-2022 ]}