# VertexCoverQ

VertexCoverQ[g,vlist]

yields True if the vertex list vlist is a vertex cover of the graph g, and False otherwise.

# Details

• A vertex cover is a set of vertices that are incident to every edge.
• VertexCoverQ works with undirected graphs, directed graphs, multigraphs, and mixed graphs.

# Background & Context

• VertexCoverQ tests if a specified set of vertices forms a vertex cover for a given graph, where a vertex cover is a set of vertices satisfying the condition that each edge of the graph is incident to some vertex in the set. VertexCoverQ returns True if the set is a vertex cover and False otherwise.
• The entire vertex set of a graph is always a vertex cover (of maximum possible size). The smallest possible vertex cover for a given graph is known as a minimum vertex cover, and its size is known as the vertex cover number.
• Vertex covers are closely related to independent vertex sets (which are sets of vertices having the property that no two vertices are part of the same edge). In particular, a set of vertices is a vertex cover if and only if its complement forms an independent vertex set. As a result, the counts of vertex covers and independent vertex sets in a graph are the same.
• FindVertexCover can be used to find a single minimum vertex cover or a single vertex cover of any fixed size, but not all vertex covers. A trivial implementation for finding all vertex covers of a graph can be constructed by applying VertexCoverQ to all subsets of a graph's vertices. EdgeCoverQ performs the analogous test to VertexCoverQ for edge covers of a graph. FindIndependentVertexSet can be used to find one or more maximal independent vertex sets in a graph (each of whose complements is a vertex cover).

# Examples

open allclose all

## Basic Examples(2)

Test whether a set of vertices is a vertex cover in a graph:

Not all set of vertices are vertex covers in a graph:

## Scope(6)

Test undirected graphs:

Directed graphs:

Multigraphs:

Mixed graphs:

VertexCoverQ gives False for expressions that are not graphs:

VertexCoverQ works with large graphs:

## Applications(2)

Enumerate all vertex covers for a cycle graph:

Enumerate all subsets of vertices and select the ones that are covers:

Highlight covers:

Enumerate all minimum vertex covers for a Petersen graph:

Find the size of a minimum vertex cover:

Enumerate all minimum vertex covers:

Highlight minimum covers:

## Properties & Relations(7)

The VertexList of a graph is a vertex (typically non-minimal) cover:

A smallest vertex cover can be found using FindVertexCover:

A set of vertices is a vertex cover iff its complement is an independent set:

Check that the complement set of vertices is independent:

The total size of the vertex cover and the largest independent set equals the vertex count:

The complement of the vertex cover in GraphComplement is a clique in its original graph:

Compute the complement using the same embedding:

Its complement is a clique:

The complete bipartite graph has a vertex cover of size :

The largest independent edge set in a bipartite graph has the same size as the smallest vertex cover:

Wolfram Research (2010), VertexCoverQ, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/VertexCoverQ.html (updated 2014).

#### Text

Wolfram Research (2010), VertexCoverQ, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/VertexCoverQ.html (updated 2014).

#### CMS

Wolfram Language. 2010. "VertexCoverQ." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. Last Modified 2014. https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/VertexCoverQ.html.

#### APA

Wolfram Language. (2010). VertexCoverQ. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/VertexCoverQ.html

#### BibTeX

@misc{reference.wolfram_2023_vertexcoverq, author="Wolfram Research", title="{VertexCoverQ}", year="2014", howpublished="\url{https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/VertexCoverQ.html}", note=[Accessed: 03-October-2023 ]}

#### BibLaTeX

@online{reference.wolfram_2023_vertexcoverq, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={VertexCoverQ}, year={2014}, url={https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/VertexCoverQ.html}, note=[Accessed: 03-October-2023 ]}