evaluates test, then body, repetitively, until test first fails to give True.


  • While[test] does the loop with a null body.
  • If Break[] is generated in the evaluation of body, the While loop exits.
  • Continue[] exits the evaluation of body, and continues the loop.
  • Unless an explicit Return is used, the value returned by While is Null.
  • Note that in an example like i=0;While[i<0,tot+=f[i];i++] the roles of ; and , are reversed relative to C-like programming languages.


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Basic Examples  (1)

Print and increment n while the condition n<4 is satisfied:

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Scope  (2)

Generalizations & Extensions  (1)

Applications  (2)

Properties & Relations  (4)

Introduced in 1988