WOLFRAM LANGUAGE TUTORIAL
Integral Transforms and Related Operations
One‐dimensional Laplace transforms.
The Laplace transform of a function is given by . The inverse Laplace transform of is given for suitable by .
Here is a simple Laplace transform.
Even simple transforms often involve special functions.
Here the result involves a Meijer G function.
The Laplace transform of this Bessel function just involves elementary functions.
Laplace transforms have the property that they turn integration and differentiation into essentially algebraic operations. They are therefore commonly used in studying systems governed by differential equations.
Integration becomes multiplication by
when one does a Laplace transform.
|the multidimensional Laplace transform of expr|
|the multidimensional inverse Laplace transform of expr|
Multidimensional Laplace transforms.
One‐dimensional Fourier transforms.
In the Wolfram Language the Fourier transform of a function is by default defined to be . The inverse Fourier transform of is similarly defined as .
In different scientific and technical fields different conventions are often used for defining Fourier transforms. The option FourierParameters in the Wolfram Language allows you to choose any of these conventions you want.
|common convention||setting||Fourier transform||inverse Fourier transform|
|Wolfram Language default|
Typical settings for FourierParameters with various conventions.
Here is a Fourier transform with the default choice of parameters.
Here is the same Fourier transform with the choice of parameters typically used in signal processing.
Fourier sine and cosine transforms.
In some applications of Fourier transforms, it is convenient to avoid ever introducing complex exponentials. Fourier sine and cosine transforms correspond to integrating respectively with and instead of , and using limits 0 and rather than and .
Here are the Fourier sine and cosine transforms of
|the multidimensional Fourier transform of expr|
|the multidimensional inverse Fourier transform of expr|
|the multidimensional sine and cosine Fourier transforms of expr|
|the multidimensional inverse Fourier sine and cosine transforms of expr|
Multidimensional Fourier transforms.
This evaluates a two‐
dimensional Fourier transform.
This inverts the transform.
The Z transform of a function is given by . The inverse Z transform of is given by the contour integral . Z transforms are effectively discrete analogs of Laplace transforms. They are widely used for solving difference equations, especially in digital signal processing and control theory. They can be thought of as producing generating functions, of the kind commonly used in combinatorics and number theory.
This computes the Z transform of
Here is the inverse Z transform.
The generating function for
is an exponential function.