is the Fox H function .


  • Mathematical function, suitable for both symbolic and numerical manipulation.
  • FoxH generalizes the MeijerG function and is defined by the MellinBarnes integral where and are positive real numbers and the integration is along a path separating the poles of from the poles of .
  • Three choices are possible for the path :
    a. is a loop beginning at and ending at and encircling all the poles of once in the positive direction.
    b. is a loop beginning at and ending at and encircling all the poles of once in the negative direction.
    c. is a contour starting at the point and going to such that all the poles of are separated from the poles of .
  • FoxH specializes to MeijerG if for and : .
  • In many special cases, FoxH is automatically converted to other functions.
  • FoxH can be evaluated for arbitrary complex parameters.
  • FoxH can be evaluated to arbitrary numerical precision.
  • FoxH automatically threads over lists.


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Basic Examples  (4)

Evaluate numerically:

Many special functions are special cases of FoxH:

Some cases cannot be easily expressed in terms of MeijerG:

Plot the FoxH function:

Plot over a subset of the complexes:

Scope  (16)

Numerical Evaluation  (5)

Evaluate to high precision:

The precision of the output tracks the precision of the input:

FoxH takes complex number parameters and :

FoxH takes complex number arguments:

Evaluate FoxH efficiently at high precision:

Specific Values  (3)

Values at fixed points:

Evaluate FoxH symbolically:

Values at zero:

Visualization  (4)

Plot a family of FoxH functions:

ComplexContourPlot of FoxH[{{{},{}},{{{-1,1/2}},{}}, z]:

Use AbsArgPlot and ReImPlot to plot complex values of FoxH over the real numbers:

Plot FoxH as a function of parameters and :

Function Properties  (4)

For simple parameters, FoxH evaluates to simpler functions:

FoxH is symmetric in the pairs and :

FoxH might reduce to a simpler FoxH if some of the pairs are equal:

FoxH threads elementwise over lists in the last argument:

Applications  (2)

Express the roots of the trinomial in terms of FoxH:

Verify these roots for and :

Express the PDF of StableDistribution in terms of FoxH for the case of :

Evaluate it and compare with the built-in PDF generated using StableDistribution:

Possible Issues  (1)

is a singular point of FoxH:

Neat Examples  (1)

Many elementary and special functions are special cases of FoxH:

Wolfram Research (2021), FoxH, Wolfram Language function,


Wolfram Research (2021), FoxH, Wolfram Language function,


@misc{reference.wolfram_2021_foxh, author="Wolfram Research", title="{FoxH}", year="2021", howpublished="\url{}", note=[Accessed: 22-June-2021 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2021_foxh, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={FoxH}, year={2021}, url={}, note=[Accessed: 22-June-2021 ]}


Wolfram Language. 2021. "FoxH." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research.


Wolfram Language. (2021). FoxH. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from