gives the parent of the current working directory.


gives the parent of the directory dir.


gives the directory n levels up from dir.



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Basic Examples  (3)

Get the parent directory of the current working directory:

Verify the answer:

Get the parent of $InstallationDirectory:

Find the grandparent of $InstallationDirectory:

Scope  (3)

Get the parent directory of the directory specified by the File object:

Go up two levels from the same location:

Go up two levels from the current directory:

Compare with the current directory:

Explicitly request the directory one level higher than the current directory:

This is equivalent to the following:

Properties & Relations  (4)

In ParentDirectory[dir], dir must exist as a directory:

ParentDirectory always returns a full path:

ParentDirectory[1] is equivalent to ParentDirectory[]:

ParentDirectory operates only on existing directories and returns a full path:

FileNameDrop performs a similar path operation but at a purely textual level:

Introduced in 1991
Updated in 2016