DICOM (.dcm, .dic)

Background

    • MIME type: application/dicom
    • DICOM medical imaging format.
    • Commonly used in medical imaging equipment and picture archiving and communication systems.
    • DICOM is an acronym for Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine.
    • Stores multiple raster images together with patient and device information.
    • Binary format.
    • Supports a variety of image encoding and data compression methods.
    • DICOM Version 3.0 was introduced in 1993.

Import & Export

  • Import["file.dcm"] imports a DICOM file, returning an Image object.
  • Import["file.dcm",elem] imports the specified element from a DICOM file.
  • The import format can be specified with Import["file","DICOM"] or Import["file",{"DICOM",elem,}].
  • Export["file.dcm",expr] exports graphics or any other expression as an image to a DICOM file.
  • When exporting Wolfram Language graphics or arbitrary expressions to DICOM, the resulting image has the same raster size as its displayed form.
  • Image objects are by default exported at their raster size.
  • Because DICOM is a raster image format, all fonts are rasterized on export.
  • See the reference pages for full general information on Import and Export.
  • ImportString and ExportString support the DICOM format.

Import Elements

  • General Import elements:
  • "Elements" list of elements and options available in this file
    "Rules"full list of rules for each element and option
    "Options"list of rules for options, properties, and settings
  • Data representation elements:
  • "ColorMap"color reduction palette created on Import
    "Data"array of values
    "Graphics"Graphics object representing an image
    "Image"raster graphics given as an Image object
  • Import and Export by default use the "Image" element for the DICOM format.
  • Advanced Import elements:
  • "BitDepth"bits used to represent each color channel in the file
    "Channels"the number of color channels used in the file
    "ColorSpace"color encoding used in the file
    "ImageSize"raster dimensions
    "MetaInformation"meta-information stored in the file
    "Summary"summary of the file

Options

  • Import and Export option:
  • "ImageTopOrientation"Toporientation of the image as stored in the file
    ImageSizeAutomaticoverall image size
  • Advanced Export option:
  • "Smoothing"0the DICOM smoothing parameter, given as a number in the range 0 to 1

Examples

Basic Examples  (3)

Import a DICOM file containing a gray-level image:

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Summary of an image:

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Export an image to DICOM:

In[1]:=
Click for copyable input
Out[1]=
Introduced in 2003
(5.0)
|
Updated in 2016
(11.0)