HDF5 (.h5, .hdf5)


    MIME type: application/x-hdf5
    HDF data format Version 5.
    General-purpose format for representing multidimensional datasets and images.
    Datasets with compound data structures are supported.
    Used for storage, management, and exchange of scientific data.
    HDF is an acronym for Hierarchical Data Format.
    Originally developed by the US National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA).
    Currently maintained by The HDF Group.
    Binary file format.
    Incompatible with HDF Version 4 and earlier.

Import and Export

  • Import["file.h5"] imports an HDF5 file, returning the names of the datasets stored in the file.
  • Import["file.h5",elem] imports the specified element from an HDF5 file.
  • The import format can be specified with Import["file","HDF5"] or Import["file",{"HDF5",elem,}].
  • Export["file.h5",expr] exports a numeric array to HDF5.
  • Export["file.h5",{expr1,},{"Datasets", {"dataset1",}}] creates an HDF5 file, storing the data arrays {expr1,} as separate datasets.
  • See the reference pages for full general information on Import and Export.
  • ImportString and ExportString support the HDF5 format.


  • General Import elements:
  • "Elements"list of elements and options available in this file
    "Rules"full list of rules for each element and option
    "Options"list of rules for options, properties, and settings
    "Summary"summary of properties
  • Structure elements:
  • "Datasets"names of all datasets
    "Groups"names of all groups
    "StructureGraph"a directed graph showing the structure of the datasets
    {"StructureGraph, groupname}a graph showing the structure under groupname
    "StructureGraphLegend"legend for the structure graph
  • Import by default uses the "Datasets" element for the HDF5 format.
  • Data representation elements:
  • "Data"all datasets imported as an association
    {"Data",n} or nn^(th) dataset
    {"Data",dataset} or datasetnamed dataset
    {"Data",groupname}an association of all datasets under groupname
    {"Data",groupname,lev}an association of datasets under groupname up to level lev
  • The following basic data formats are supported:
  • "Integer8"8-bit integers
    "Integer16"16-bit integers
    "Integer32"32-bit integers
    "Integer64"64-bit integers
    "UnsignedInteger8"8-bit unsigned integers
    "UnsignedInteger16"16-bit unsigned integers
    "UnsignedInteger32"32-bit unsigned integers
    "UnsignedInteger64"64-bit unsigned integers
    "Real32"IEEE singleprecision numbers
    "Real64"IEEE doubleprecision numbers
    "String"string of ASCII characters
  • The following structured data formats are supported:
  • "ByteArray"a ByteArray of an arbitrary length
    "Array"an array of any supported data format
    "Enum"an enumeration
    "Compound"a compound dataset consisting of any other data format and other compound datasets
  • Complex numbers are typically stored and imported as compound types.
  • Metainformation elements:
  • "Attributes"attributes of all groups and datasets
    "DataEncoding"specifies how each dataset is compressed
    "DataFormat"type used to represent each dataset
    "Dimensions"data dimensions of each dataset
    {"metadata",n}metadata of the n^(th) dataset
    {"metadata",dataset}metadata of the named dataset
  • The following data encodings are supported:
  • Noneno data compression is used
    "Fletcher32"adds the fletcher checksum
    "GZIP"GZIP compression
    "ScaleAndOffset"performs a scale and/or offset operation
    "Shuffle"reorders so that consistent byte positions are placed together
    "SZIP"SZIP compression (Import only)
  • A single dataset can have multiple encodings, which will be specified as a list {enc1,enc2,}.


  • Import option:
  • "TakeElements"Allsubset of elements to import
  • "TakeElements" can take the following values:
  • {elem1,elem2,}list of elements elemi
    {m;;n;;s,...}elements m through n in steps of s
    {opt1val1,}list of suboptions
  • The following suboptions opti are available for taking elements:
  • "Offset"{0,0,}the offset along the dimensions of the dataset
    "Count"Allthe number of block to be imported along each dimension
    "Stride"{1,1,}the step between beginnings of the blocks
    "Block"{1,1,}number of elements in each block
  • Export option:
  • "Append"Falsewhether to append to an existing file


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Basic Examples  (1)

Show the datasets stored in a sample file:

Click for copyable input

Get the file summary:

Click for copyable input

Show the structure of the file:

Click for copyable input

Scope  (4)

Import Elements  (22)

Import Options  (3)

Applications  (1)

Possible Issues  (2)

See Also


Introduced in 2004
| Updated in 2017