is a query operator that can be applied to an RDFStore, which returns a list of associations of variables to corresponding values in subgraphs that match pattern.


returns values only for the variables vars.


  • SPARQLSelect can be used in SPARQLExecute to query a SPARQL endpoint.
  • The result of executing SPARQLSelect[pattern] is a list of associations {<|"var1"val1,1,|>,} where each "vari" is the name of a SPARQLVariable appearing in pattern and each vali,j is the value appearing in the corresponding position of a matching subgraph.
  • In SPARQLSelect[pattern], pattern can be any of the following forms:
  • RDFTriple[s,p,o]triple pattern
    {RDFTriple[],RDFTriple[],}basic graph pattern
    {patt1,patt2,}group graph pattern
    SPARQLFilter[expr]filter solutions of surrounding patterns by expr
    patt/;exprfilter solutions by expr
    SPARQLOptional[patt]optional pattern
    patt1|patt2|...union pattern
    Except[patt]eliminate solutions which are compatible with patt
    SPARQLPropertyPath[]property path pattern
    "var"exprbind expression expr to a variable with name "var"
    SPARQLValues[vars, values]specify values for variables
    SPARQLGraph[g,patt]match patt agains the graph with name g
    SPARQLService[url,patt]federate matching patt to the SPARQL endpoint located at url
  • In a triple pattern RDFTriple[s,p,o] a SPARQLVariable stands for any expression.
  • The following options can be given:
  • "Distinct"Falsewhether duplicate solutions are deleted
    "Limit"Infinitymaximum numer of solutions to return
    "Offset"0number of solutions to skip
    "OrderBy"Noneexpression by which solutions are ordered
    "Reduced"Falsewhether duplicate solutions can be deleted


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Basic Examples  (2)

Data about fruits:

Find the color of fruits:

Find the color and the shape of fruits:

Find formulas (P274) and the Japanese name of chemicals (Q11173) containing (P527) calcium (Q706) in Wikidata:

Scope  (9)

Triple Pattern  (1)

Example data:

A triple pattern is a triple that can contain variables:

Variables can appear in any position:

A triple pattern does not need to contain any variables:

Basic Graph Pattern  (1)

Data about articles:

A basic graph pattern is a list of triple patterns. Retrieve "title" and "created" of all articles:

Variables and literals can appear in any position. Find authors of articles created in 2018:

Different triple patterns in a basic graph pattern are not required to match different triples in a graph. The following contains solutions binding "art1" and "art2" to the same article:

To find authors that have published more than one article filter the solution by requiring "art1" and "art2" to be different:

Filter  (1)

Data about books:

Books published before 1820:

Optional  (1)

Data about people:

Find the name and optionally the e-mail address of all people:

When the SPARQLOptional wrapper is omitted the solution for "Bob" is missing:

Union  (1)

Data about things, using different "name" properties:

Find the "name" of all things:

The same query using a property path:

Negation  (1)

Data about people:

Find people without e-mail address:

In this case a query based on NOT EXISTS gives the same result:

Property Paths  (1)

Family data:

Find descendents of Johann:

Find only grandchildren:

Assignment  (1)

Data about food products:

Look up the price including delivery fee:

The same query using a "select expression":

Filter products by total price:

Look up the price for certain products:

Aggregates  (1)

Data about salaries:

Find the average salary:

The average salary by department:

Filter the groups by the total department salary:

Order by decreasing average salary:

Neat Examples  (1)

Make a Graph of parent taxons (P171) of the Whale (Q42196) using Wikidata:

Wolfram Research (2019), SPARQLSelect, Wolfram Language function,


Wolfram Research (2019), SPARQLSelect, Wolfram Language function,


@misc{reference.wolfram_2020_sparqlselect, author="Wolfram Research", title="{SPARQLSelect}", year="2019", howpublished="\url{}", note=[Accessed: 16-April-2021 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2020_sparqlselect, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={SPARQLSelect}, year={2019}, url={}, note=[Accessed: 16-April-2021 ]}


Wolfram Language. 2019. "SPARQLSelect." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research.


Wolfram Language. (2019). SPARQLSelect. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from