gives a list of the characters in a string.


  • Each character is given as a length one string.
  • Characters handles both ordinary and special characters.
  • Characters has attribute Listable.


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Basic Examples  (1)

Break a string into a list of characters:

Show in InputForm:

Reassemble the string:

Scope  (2)

Characters handles special characters just like ordinary ones:

Characters threads itself element-wise over lists:

Applications  (4)

Break a string into overlapping trigrams:

Reassemble into strings:

Sort the characters in a string:

Find their frequencies:

Rotate the characters in a string:

Make an array out of a list of strings:

Properties & Relations  (1)

Characters gives a list of strings of length 1:

Possible Issues  (3)

A string form of an expression must be created before it can be broken into characters:

Characters operates on the explicit character form of strings:

Characters normally treats special characters just like other characters:

Use ToString and FullForm to get the characters in the full names of special characters:

Introduced in 1988
Updated in 1996