is a settable global variable that specifies the default language used by the Wolfram System.


  • $Language is used to determine the language used for messages and other system notifications.
  • All language names are conventionally given in English and are capitalized, as in "French".
  • When a message with a name s::tag is requested either internally or through the Message function, the Wolfram Language searches for a message with the name s::tag::lang corresponding to $Language. Only if it fails to find such a message will it use the message with the actual name s::tag.


Basic Examples  (2)

Show the current default language:

Get the list of characters associated with the alphabet:

Introduced in 1991