# AppellF3

AppellF3[a1,a2,b1,b2,c,x,y]

is the Appell hypergeometric function of two variables .

# Details

• AppellF3 belongs to the family of Appell functions that generalize the hypergeometric series and solves the system of Horn PDEs with polynomial coefficients.
• Mathematical function, suitable for both symbolic and numerical manipulation.
• has a primary definition through the hypergeometric series , which is convergent inside the region .
• The region of convergence of the Appell F3 series for real values of its arguments is the following:
• In general, satisfies the following Horn PDE system »:
• reduces to when or .
• For certain special arguments, AppellF3 automatically evaluates to exact values.
• AppellF3 can be evaluated to arbitrary numerical precision.

# Examples

open allclose all

## Basic Examples(7)

Evaluate numerically:

The defining sum:

Plot over a subset of the reals:

Plot over a subset of the complexes:

Plot a family of AppellF3 functions:

Series expansion at the origin:

## Scope(15)

### Numerical Evaluation(4)

Evaluate numerically:

Evaluate to high precision:

The precision of the output tracks the precision of the input:

Complex number inputs:

Evaluate AppellF3 efficiently at high precision:

### Specific Values(3)

Values at fixed points:

Simplify to Hypergeometric2F1 functions:

Value at zero:

### Visualization(3)

Plot the AppellF3 function for various parameters:

Plot AppellF3 as a function of its second parameter :

Plot the real part of :

Plot the imaginary part of :

### Differentiation(4)

First derivative with respect to x:

First derivative with respect to y:

Higher derivatives with respect to y:

Plot the higher derivatives with respect to y when a1=a2=2, b1=b2=5, c=1/2 and x=1/5:

Formula for the derivative with respect to y:

### Series Expansions(1)

Find the Taylor expansion using Series:

Plots of the first three approximations around :

## Applications(1)

The Appell function solves the following system of PDEs with polynomial coefficients:

Check that is a solution:

## Neat Examples(1)

Many elementary and special functions are special cases of AppellF3:

Wolfram Research (2023), AppellF3, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/AppellF3.html.

#### Text

Wolfram Research (2023), AppellF3, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/AppellF3.html.

#### CMS

Wolfram Language. 2023. "AppellF3." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/AppellF3.html.

#### APA

Wolfram Language. (2023). AppellF3. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/AppellF3.html

#### BibTeX

@misc{reference.wolfram_2024_appellf3, author="Wolfram Research", title="{AppellF3}", year="2023", howpublished="\url{https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/AppellF3.html}", note=[Accessed: 12-July-2024 ]}

#### BibLaTeX

@online{reference.wolfram_2024_appellf3, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={AppellF3}, year={2023}, url={https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/AppellF3.html}, note=[Accessed: 12-July-2024 ]}