gives the Pochhammer symbol .


  • Mathematical function, suitable for both symbolic and numerical manipulation.
  • .
  • For certain special arguments, Pochhammer automatically evaluates to exact values.
  • Pochhammer can be evaluated to arbitrary numerical precision.
  • Pochhammer automatically threads over lists.


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Basic Examples  (7)

Evaluate numerically:

Evaluate symbolically with respect to n:

Plot over a subset of the reals:

Plot over a subset of the complexes:

Series expansion at the origin:

Series expansion at Infinity:

Series expansion at a singular point:

Scope  (25)

Numerical Evaluation  (5)

Evaluate numerically:

Evaluate for halfinteger arguments:

Evaluate to high precision:

The precision of the output tracks the precision of the input:

Complex number inputs:

Evaluate efficiently at high precision:

Specific Values  (5)

Values of Pochhammer at fixed points:

Pochhammer for symbolic n:

Values at zero:

Find a value of x for which Pochhammer[x,2]=15:

Evaluate the associated Pochhammer[x,4] polynomial for integer n:

Visualization  (3)

Plot the Pochhammer function for various orders:

Plot Pochhammer as a function of its parameter :

Plot the real part of TemplateBox[{{x, +, {i,  , y}}, n}, Pochhammer]:

Plot the imaginary part of TemplateBox[{{x, +, {i,  , y}}, n}, Pochhammer]:

Function Properties  (4)

Real domain of Pochhammer:

Complex domain:

Function range of Pochhammer:

Pochhammer has the mirror property TemplateBox[{{z, }, 2}, Pochhammer]=(TemplateBox[{z, 2}, Pochhammer]):

TraditionalForm formatting:

Differentiation  (2)

First derivative with respect to a:

First derivative with respect to n:

Higher derivatives with respect to a:

Plot the higher derivatives with respect to a when n=5:

Series Expansions  (4)

Find the Taylor expansion using Series:

Plots of the first three approximations around :

Find the series expansion at Infinity:

Find series expansion for an arbitrary symbolic direction :

Taylor expansion at a generic point:

Function Identities and Simplifications  (2)

Functional identity:

Recurrence relations:

Generalizations & Extensions  (4)

Infinite arguments give symbolic results:

Pochhammer threads elementwise over lists:

Pochhammer can be applied to a power series:

Series expansion at infinity:

Applications  (3)

Obtain elementary and special functions from infinite sums:

Plot Pochhammer:

The average number of runs of length or larger in a sequence of zeros and ones:

Count runs in a random binary sequence:

Compare with the theoretical average:

Properties & Relations  (7)

Use FullSimplify to simplify expressions involving Pochhammer:

Use FunctionExpand to expand in Pochhammer in terms of Gamma functions:

Sums involving Pochhammer:

Solve recurrence relations:

The generating function is divergent:

Use Borel regularization:

Consider the generating function as a formal power series:

Formal series:

Pochhammer can be represented as a DifferenceRoot:

The exponential generating function for Pochhammer:

Possible Issues  (3)

Large arguments can give results too large to be computed explicitly:

Machine-number inputs can give highprecision results:

As a bivariate function, Pochhammer is not continuous in both variables at negative integers:

Use FunctionExpand to obtain symbolic expression for Pochhammer at negative integers:

Neat Examples  (3)

Plot Pochhammer at infinity:

Plot Pochhammer for complex arguments:

Capelli's sum (binomial theorem with Pochhammer symbols):

Introduced in 1988