gives a list of coefficients of powers of var in poly, starting with power 0.


gives an array of coefficients of the vari.


gives an array of dimensions {dim1,dim2,}, truncating or padding with zeros as needed.

Details and Options

  • The dimensions of the array returned by CoefficientList are determined by the values of the Exponent[poly,vari].
  • Terms that do not contain positive integer powers of a particular variable are included in the first element of the list for that variable.
  • CoefficientList always returns a full rectangular array. Combinations of powers that do not appear in poly give zeros in the array.
  • CoefficientList[0,var] gives {}.
  • CoefficientList works whether or not poly is explicitly given in expanded form.


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Basic Examples  (3)

Find the coefficients in a polynomial:

CoefficientList works even when the polynomial has not been expanded out:

Matrix of coefficients for a quadratic function:

Scope  (2)

Univariate polynomial coefficient lists:

Multivariate polynomial coefficient lists:

Options  (1)

Modulus  (1)

Coefficient list over the integers modulo 2:

Properties & Relations  (4)

Use Coefficient to get a coefficient at a specified power of the variable:

The list of coefficients can be obtained using Coefficient and Exponent:

FromDigits can reconstruct a univariate polynomial from the list of its coefficients:

Fold the operation for multivariate polynomials:

Polynomial multiplication is convolution as performed by ListConvolve:

For multivariate polynomials, CoefficientList gives a tensor of the coefficients:

CoefficientArrays gives the list of arrays of polynomial coefficients ordered by total degrees:

The coefficient of :

In cl, the coefficient of x^a y^b is the element at position {a+1,b+1}:

In ca, the position of this coefficient is a+b+1 followed by a 1s and b 2s (1 and 2 indicate the first and second variables):

Wolfram Research (1988), CoefficientList, Wolfram Language function, (updated 2015).


Wolfram Research (1988), CoefficientList, Wolfram Language function, (updated 2015).


Wolfram Language. 1988. "CoefficientList." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. Last Modified 2015.


Wolfram Language. (1988). CoefficientList. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from


@misc{reference.wolfram_2024_coefficientlist, author="Wolfram Research", title="{CoefficientList}", year="2015", howpublished="\url{}", note=[Accessed: 24-June-2024 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2024_coefficientlist, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={CoefficientList}, year={2015}, url={}, note=[Accessed: 24-June-2024 ]}