gives a pseudorandom sample of n of the ei.


gives a pseudorandom sample of n of the ei chosen using weights wi.


gives a pseudorandom permutation of the ei.


  • RandomSample[{e1,e2,},n] never samples any of the e_(i) more than once.
  • RandomSample[{e1,e2,},n] samples each of the e_(i) with equal probability.
  • RandomSample[{e1,e2,},UpTo[n]] gives a sample of n of the ei, or as many as are available.
  • RandomSample[i;;j;;k,n] may be used to sample the Span from i to j in steps of k.
  • RandomSample gives a different sequence of pseudorandom choices whenever you run the Wolfram Language. You can start with a particular seed using SeedRandom.
  • A Method option to SeedRandom can be given to specify the pseudorandom generator used.


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Basic Examples  (3)

Find a sample in which no elements ever occur more than once:

Generate a random permutation:

Generate a random sample of 6 elements, or as many as there are if fewer:

Scope  (4)

The elements can be any expressions:

With larger weights for later elements, later elements tend to be selected for the sample:

Sample over all numbers between -10 and 10:

Sample over even numbers between -10 and 10:

Guarantee that a set of random integers over a big range has no repetitions:

Applications  (1)

Successively fill in black squares down the page:

Properties & Relations  (3)

Use SeedRandom to get repeatable random values:

Use BlockRandom to block one use of RandomSample from affecting others:

RandomSample of size 1 follows the same distribution as RandomChoice:

Possible Issues  (1)

If the sample size is larger than the population size, an error message is returned:

Introduced in 2007
Updated in 2014