gives {e1,x,e2,x,}.


gives {e1,x1,e2,x2,}.


yields a list in which every n^(th) element is x.


yields a list in which x appears if possible at positions imin, imin+n, imin+2n, , imax.


  • If there are fewer xi than gaps between ei in Riffle[{e1,e2,},{x1,x2,}], the xi are used cyclically.
  • Riffle[{e},x] gives {e}.
  • The specification {imin,imax,n} is of the type used in Take. Negative indices count from the end of the list.
  • Riffle[list,x] is equivalent to Riffle[list,x,{2,-2,2}].
  • Riffle[list,x,n] is equivalent to Riffle[list,x,{n,-2,n}].
  • In Riffle[list,xlist], if list and xlist are of the same length, then their elements are directly interleaved, so that the last element of the result is the last element of xlist.
  • Riffle works with SparseArray objects.


open allclose all

Basic Examples  (3)

Riffle x between successive elements in a list:

Riffle in x and y cyclically:

Riffle in x at every 3^(rd) position:

Scope  (7)

Riffle in x at every other position:

Include x at the beginning and end:

Use step 3:

Start riffling in x only at position 5:

Cyclically riffle in x and y:

Intersperse two lists:

Riffle works on SparseArray objects:

Applications  (5)

Insert spaces between words:

Create a directory name from a path list:

Insert 0s between successive integers:

Alternate positive and negative integers:

Insert commas at every 4^(th) character:

Properties & Relations  (1)

Riffle is related to Transpose:

Introduced in 2007