Structured Arrays

Structured arrays are vectors, matrices and arrays with special structure that allows for efficient specification and representation as well as efficient computation. Structured arrays complement packed arrays (arrays with single type for all elements) and sparse arrays (arrays where most elements are zero). Structured arrays occur in all computational domains and typically enable efficiency breakthroughs years or decades before general unstructured arrays can tackle the same problem.  The Wolfram Language provides a convenient specification and representation for the structured arrays that often occur in applications, as well as optimized algorithms for performing operations on them, such as linear solving, inversion and eigenvalue computations.

Diagonal and Permutation Matrix Structures

PermutationMatrix permutation matrices

Triangular Matrix Structures

LowerTriangularMatrix  ▪  UpperTriangularMatrix

Block Matrix Structures

BlockDiagonalMatrix  ▪  BlockUpperTriangularMatrix  ▪  BlockLowerTriangularMatrix

Symmetric Structures

SymmetrizedArray structured representation of symmetric arrays

Operations on Structured Arrays

Normal convert structured arrays to lists

Dot  ▪  Norm  ▪  Inverse  ▪  LinearSolve  ▪ 

Structures with Special Entries

QuantityArray represent an array of quantities