tests whether is an analytic function for xReals.


tests whether is an analytic function for xdom.


tests whether are analytic functions for x1,x2,dom.


tests whether are analytic functions for xvars in an open set containing the solutions of the constraints cons over the domain dom.

Details and Options

  • Complex analytic functions are also known as holomorphic functions.
  • A function is analytic in an open set if for all y there is an and a sequence such that for all TemplateBox[{{x, -, y}}, Abs]<r(y), we have .
  • A function is analytic in an open set if for all there is an and a sequence such that for all TemplateBox[{{{, {{{x, _, 1}, -, {y, _, 1}}, ,, ..., ,, {{x, _, n}, -, {y, _, n}}}, }}}, Norm]<r(y_1,...,y_n), we have f(x_1,...,x_n)=sum_(k in TemplateBox[{}, NonNegativeIntegers]^n)a_k(y_1,...,y_n)(x_1-y_1)^(k_1) ... (x_n-y_n)^(k_n) .
  • If funs contains parameters other than xvars, the result is typically a ConditionalExpression.
  • Possible values for dom are Reals and Complexes. The default is Reals.
  • If dom is Reals, then all variables, parameters, constants and function values are restricted to be real.
  • cons can contain inequalities or logical combinations of these.
  • The following options can be given:
  • Assumptions$Assumptionsassumptions on parameters
    GenerateConditionsTruewhether to generate conditions on parameters
    PerformanceGoal$PerformanceGoalwhether to prioritize speed or quality
  • Possible settings for GenerateConditions include:
  • Automaticnon-generic conditions only
    Trueall conditions
    Falseno conditions
    Nonereturn unevaluated if conditions are needed
  • Possible settings for PerformanceGoal are "Speed" and "Quality".


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Basic Examples  (4)

Test analyticity of real functions:

Test analyticity of complex functions:

Test analyticity over restricted domains:

Test analyticity of multivariate functions:

Scope  (6)

Real univariate functions:

Complex univariate functions:

Functions with restricted domains:

Real multivariate functions:

Complex multivariate functions:

Functions with symbolic parameters:

Options  (4)

Assumptions  (1)

FunctionAnalytic cannot find the answer for arbitrary values of the parameter :

With the assumption that , FunctionAnalytic succeeds:

GenerateConditions  (2)

By default, FunctionAnalytic may generate conditions on symbolic parameters:

With GenerateConditions->None, FunctionAnalytic fails instead of giving a conditional result:

This returns a conditionally valid result without stating the condition:

By default, all conditions are reported:

With GenerateConditions->Automatic, conditions that are generically true are not reported:

PerformanceGoal  (1)

Use PerformanceGoal to avoid potentially expensive computations:

The default setting uses all available techniques to try to produce a result:

Applications  (11)

Classes of Analytic Functions  (6)

Polynomials are analytic:

Sin, Cos and Exp are analytic:

Visualize these functions:

These functions are analytic in the complex plane as well:

Visualize these functions over :

Functions that are analytic in plane are called entire functions and can be considered infinite-degree polynomials:

No discontinuous function is analytic:

Visualize some of the above functions:

Some continuous functions are not analytic, like the real absolute value function RealAbs:

The problem with RealAbs is the "kink" at the origin:

The complex absolute value function Abs is analytic nowhere in the complex plane:

It suffers from a different problem than RealAbs, namely it is nowhere differentiable:

The reciprocal of an analytic function is analytic wherever :

Thus, rational functions may or may not be continuous over the reals:

However, as every nonconstant polynomial has a root in the plane, rational functions are never analytic on TemplateBox[{}, Complexes]:

Instead, rational functions are the prototype of the larger class of meromorphic functions in the complex plane:

Visualizing the function in the complex plane shows the blowup at :

As Cot and Csc are rational functions of Sin and Cos, they are analytic when sine is nonzero:

Visualize the functions along with sine:

Since sine's only zeros are on the real line, this means the Cot and Csc are analytic except on the multiples of :

Similarly, Tan and Sec are continuous when cosine is nonzero:

This same principle applies to the hyperbolic trigonometric functions Coth and Csch:

As well as Tanh and Sech:

But as the zeros of Cosh and Sinh lie on the imaginary axis, more exclusions are needed for analyticity over TemplateBox[{}, Complexes]:

Plots of the hyperbolic functions are just rotations by along with a phase shift by the same amount:

The compositions of analytic functions are analytic:

Multivariate polynomials are analytic over the reals and complexes:

So are multivariate polynomials in entire functions:

Rational multivariate functions may or may not be analytic over the reals:

They are always nonanalytic over the complexes:

By composing with analytic univariate functions, many more analytic functions can be generated:

Visualize the analytic functions:

Calculus  (5)

Analytic functions can be represented by power series:

In this case, the sum converges for all values of :

Consider the following function:

It is analytic on the open disk of radius 5:

Therefore it can be expressed as a power series about any point in the disk, say :

However, this sum does not converge for all values of :

Substituting a value of outside this range produces a divergent sum:

Visualize the function along with the domains of analyticity and convergence:

The integral of an analytic function around a close contour is zero:

The following integral is nonzero, so Log cannot be analytic:

Visualize the functions and the contour:

If and are analytic in a region in the complex plane, only has simple zeros and is nonzero. A sum over the zeros of can be computed as . Consider :

This function is analytic in a disk of radius 4:

Let . It is analytic and nonzero in the disk of radius 4:

The function has two simple roots within the disk, at and :

Thus, the sum is easy to compute:

The integral gives the same answer:

Differential equations with analytic coefficients have solutions that are analytic at most points, which makes series solutions a viable method of approach. Consider the following differential equation:

There is no closed-form solution to this equation:

However, all coefficients are analytic:

Thus, a series solution can be found using AsymptoticDSolveValue:

The function is continuous:

However, its first derivative is not continuous:

Therefore is not analytic:

While goes smoothly to zero, its derivative oscillates wildly at the origin:

Visualize and its first derivative:

Properties & Relations  (6)

An analytic function is differentiable arbitrarily many times:

Use D to compute derivatives:

An analytic function can be expressed as a Taylor series at each point of its domain:

Use Series to compute initial terms of Taylor series:

The resulting polynomial approximates near :

Zeros of an analytic function cannot have an accumulation point in the domain:

Zeros of have an accumulation point at :

is continuous, but not analytic:

is analytic if we exclude from the domain:

An analytic function can have only finitely many zeros in a closed and bounded region:

Use Solve to find the roots of in the unit disk:

Use FunctionContinuous to check whether a function is continuous:

Continuous functions may not be analytic:

Analytic functions are continuous:

Use FunctionMeromorphic to check whether a function is meromorphic:

Meromorphic functions may not be complex analytic:

A quotient of complex analytic functions is meromorphic:

Possible Issues  (3)

A function needs to be defined everywhere to be analytic:

A function needs to be real-valued to be analytic over the real domain:

All subexpressions of need to be real valued for a point to belong to the real domain of :

Negative reals are not in the real domain of because is not real valued:

is real valued for all real :

Wolfram Research (2020), FunctionAnalytic, Wolfram Language function,


Wolfram Research (2020), FunctionAnalytic, Wolfram Language function,


@misc{reference.wolfram_2020_functionanalytic, author="Wolfram Research", title="{FunctionAnalytic}", year="2020", howpublished="\url{}", note=[Accessed: 16-January-2021 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2020_functionanalytic, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={FunctionAnalytic}, year={2020}, url={}, note=[Accessed: 16-January-2021 ]}


Wolfram Language. 2020. "FunctionAnalytic." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research.


Wolfram Language. (2020). FunctionAnalytic. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from