gives the Jacobi elliptic function .


  • Mathematical function, suitable for both symbolic and numerical manipulation.
  • , where .
  • is a doubly periodic function in u with periods and , where is the elliptic integral EllipticK.
  • JacobiDC is a meromorphic function in both arguments.
  • For certain special arguments, JacobiDC automatically evaluates to exact values.
  • JacobiDC can be evaluated to arbitrary numerical precision.
  • JacobiDC automatically threads over lists.


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Basic Examples  (4)

Evaluate numerically:

Plot the function over a subset of the reals:

Plot over a subset of the complexes:

Series expansions at the origin:

Scope  (34)

Numerical Evaluation  (4)

Evaluate to high precision:

The precision of the output tracks the precision of the input:

Evaluate for complex arguments:

Evaluate JacobiDC efficiently at high precision:

JacobiDC threads elementwise over lists:

Specific Values  (3)

Simple exact answers are generated automatically:

Some poles of JacobiDC:

Find a local maximum of JacobiDC as a root of (d)/(dx)TemplateBox[{x, {1, /, 3}}, JacobiDC]=0:

Visualization  (3)

Plot the JacobiDC functions for various parameter values:

Plot JacobiDC as a function of its parameter :

Plot the real part of TemplateBox[{z, {1, /, 2}}, JacobiDC]:

Plot the imaginary part of TemplateBox[{z, {1, /, 2}}, JacobiDC]:

Function Properties  (8)

JacobiDC is 4 TemplateBox[{m}, EllipticK]-periodic along the real axis:

JacobiDC is 2ⅈTemplateBox[{{1, -, m}}, EllipticK]-periodic along the imaginary axis:

JacobiDC is an even function:

TemplateBox[{x, m}, JacobiDC] is an analytic function of for :

It is not, in general, analytic:

It has both singularities and discontinuities for :

TemplateBox[{x, 3}, JacobiDC] is neither nondecreasing nor nonincreasing:

TemplateBox[{x, m}, JacobiDC] is not injective for any fixed :

TemplateBox[{x, m}, JacobiDC] is not surjective for any fixed :

JacobiDC is neither non-negative nor non-positive:

JacobiDC is neither convex nor concave:

Differentiation  (3)

First derivative:

Higher derivatives:

Plot higher derivatives for :

Derivative with respect to :

Integration  (3)

Indefinite integral of JacobiDC:

Definite integral of JacobiDC:

More integrals:

Series Expansions  (3)

Taylor expansion for TemplateBox[{x, {1, /, 3}}, JacobiDC]:

Plot the first three approximations for TemplateBox[{x, {1, /, 3}}, JacobiDC] around :

Taylor expansion for TemplateBox[{1, m}, JacobiDC]:

Plot the first three approximations for TemplateBox[{1, m}, JacobiDC] around :

JacobiDC can be applied to a power series:

Function Identities and Simplifications  (4)

Primary definition:

Identity involving JacobiNC:

Parity transformations and periodicity relations are automatically applied:

Automatic argument simplifications:

Function Representations  (3)

Representation in terms of trigonometric functions and JacobiAmplitude:

Relation to other Jacobi elliptic functions:

TraditionalForm formatting:

Applications  (2)

Conformal map from a unit triangle to the unit disk:

Show points before and after the map:

Solution of the PoissonBoltzmann equation :

Check solution using series expansion:

Properties & Relations  (2)

Compose with inverse functions:

Use PowerExpand to disregard multivaluedness of the inverse function:

Solve a transcendental equation:

Possible Issues  (2)

Machine-precision input is insufficient to give the correct answer:

Currently only simple simplification rules are built in for Jacobi functions:

Wolfram Research (1988), JacobiDC, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/JacobiDC.html.


Wolfram Research (1988), JacobiDC, Wolfram Language function, https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/JacobiDC.html.


Wolfram Language. 1988. "JacobiDC." Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Wolfram Research. https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/JacobiDC.html.


Wolfram Language. (1988). JacobiDC. Wolfram Language & System Documentation Center. Retrieved from https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/JacobiDC.html


@misc{reference.wolfram_2024_jacobidc, author="Wolfram Research", title="{JacobiDC}", year="1988", howpublished="\url{https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/JacobiDC.html}", note=[Accessed: 28-May-2024 ]}


@online{reference.wolfram_2024_jacobidc, organization={Wolfram Research}, title={JacobiDC}, year={1988}, url={https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/JacobiDC.html}, note=[Accessed: 28-May-2024 ]}